Laws Concerning Divorce
1“When a man takes a wife and marries her, if then she finds no favor in his eyes because he has found some indecency in her, and #Matt. 19:7; Mark 10:4; Cited Matt. 5:31; [Isa. 50:1; Jer. 3:8]he writes her a certificate of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her out of his house, and she departs out of his house, 2and if she goes and becomes another man’s wife, 3and the latter man hates her and writes her a certificate of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her out of his house, or if the latter man dies, who took her to be his wife, 4then #[Jer. 3:1]her former husband, who sent her away, may not take her again to be his wife, after she has been defiled, for that is an abomination before the Lord. And you shall not bring sin upon the land that the Lord your God is giving you for an inheritance.
5 # [ch. 20:7] “When a man is newly married, he shall not go out with the army or be liable for any other public duty. He shall be free at home one year #Prov. 5:18to be happy with his wife#24:5 Or to make happy his wife whom he has taken.
6“No one shall take a mill or an upper millstone in pledge, for that would be taking a life in pledge.
Ex. 21:16; [1 Tim. 1:10] “If a man is found stealing one of his brothers of the people of Israel, and if he #ch. 21:14 treats him as a slave or sells him, then that thief shall die. #See ch. 13:5So you shall purge the evil from your midst.
8“Take care, in #See Lev. 13–14a case of leprous#24:8 Leprosy was a term for several skin diseases; see Leviticus 13 disease, to be very careful to do according to all that the Levitical priests shall direct you. As I commanded them, so you shall be careful to do. 9Remember what the Lord your God did to #See Num. 12:10-15 Miriam #ch. 25:17on the way as you came out of Egypt.
10“When you make your neighbor a loan of any sort, you shall not go into his house to collect his pledge. 11You shall stand outside, and the man to whom you make the loan shall bring the pledge out to you. 12And if he is a poor man, you shall not sleep in his pledge. 13#See Ex. 22:26 You shall restore to him the pledge as the sun sets, that he may sleep in his cloak and #Job 29:13; 31:20 bless you. And #Ps. 112:9; Dan. 4:27; [ch. 6:25]it shall be righteousness for you before the Lord your God.
14“You shall not #Mal. 3:5; See Lev. 25:39-43oppress a hired worker who is poor and needy, whether he is one of your brothers or one of the sojourners who are in your land within your towns. 15#Jer. 22:13; See Lev. 19:13 You shall give him his wages on the same day, before the sun sets (for he is poor and counts on it), #ch. 15:9; James 5:4lest he cry against you to the Lord, and you be guilty of sin.
16 # Cited 2 Kgs. 14:6; 2 Chr. 25:4; [Jer. 31:29, 30; Ezek. 18:20] “Fathers shall not be put to death because of their children, nor shall children be put to death because of their fathers. Each one shall be put to death for his own sin.
Ex. 22:21, 22; 23:6; [ch. 10:18; 27:19; Isa. 1:23; Jer. 5:28]; See ch. 16:19 “You shall not pervert the justice due to the sojourner or to the fatherless, #[ver. 6, 13; Job 24:3]or take a widow’s garment in pledge, 18but #See ch. 5:15you shall remember that you were a slave in Egypt and the Lord your God redeemed you from there; therefore I command you to do this.
Lev. 19:9; 23:22 “When you reap your harvest in your field and forget a sheaf in the field, you shall not go back to get it. It shall be for the sojourner, the fatherless, and the widow, #See ch. 14:29that the Lord your God may bless you in all the work of your hands. 20When you beat your olive trees, you shall not go over them again. It shall be for the sojourner, the fatherless, and the widow. 21When you gather the grapes of your vineyard, you shall not strip it afterward. It shall be for the sojourner, the fatherless, and the widow. 22#[See ver. 18 above]You shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt; therefore I command you to do this.