Clean and Unclean Food
1“You are #[Isa. 1:2; Hos. 1:10; John 1:12; Rom. 9:8, 26; Gal. 3:26] the sons of the Lord your God. #See Lev. 19:28 You shall not cut yourselves or make any #[Isa. 15:2; 22:12; Ezek. 7:18; Amos 8:10]baldness on your foreheads for the dead. 2For #See ch. 7:6you are a people holy to the Lord your God, and the Lord has chosen you to be a people for his treasured possession, out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.
Ezek. 4:14; [Acts 10:13, 14] “You shall not eat any abomination. 4#For ver. 4-20, see Lev. 11:2-23These are the animals you may eat: the ox, the sheep, the goat, 5the deer, the gazelle, the roebuck, the wild goat, the ibex,#14:5 Or addax the antelope, and the mountain sheep. 6Every animal that parts the hoof and has the hoof cloven in two and chews the cud, among the animals, you may eat. 7Yet of those that chew the cud or have the hoof cloven you shall not eat these: the camel, the hare, and the #Lev. 11:5; [Ps. 104:18; Prov. 30:26]rock badger, because they chew the cud but do not part the hoof, are unclean for you. 8And the pig, because it parts the hoof but does not chew the cud, is unclean for you. Their flesh you shall not eat, and #[Lev. 11:26]their carcasses you shall not touch.
9“Of all that are in the waters you may eat these: whatever has fins and scales you may eat. 10And whatever does not have fins and scales you shall not eat; it is unclean for you.
11“You may eat all clean birds. 12But these are the ones that you shall not eat: the eagle,#14:12 The identity of many of these birds is uncertain the bearded vulture, the black vulture, 13the kite, the falcon of any kind; 14every raven of any kind; 15the ostrich, the nighthawk, the sea gull, the hawk of any kind; 16the little owl and the short-eared owl, the barn owl 17and the tawny owl, the carrion vulture and the cormorant, 18the stork, the heron of any kind; the hoopoe and the bat. 19And all winged insects are unclean for you; they shall not be eaten. 20All clean winged things you may eat.
21 # See Lev. 7:24 “You shall not eat anything that has died naturally. You may give it to the sojourner who is within your towns, that he may eat it, or you may sell it to a foreigner. For #See ch. 7:6 you are a people holy to the Lord your God.
# See Ex. 23:19 “You shall not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.
22 # See Num. 18:21 “You shall tithe all the yield of your seed that comes from the field year by year. 23And before the Lord your God, in the place that he will choose, to make his name dwell there, #ch. 12:7; 15:20 you shall eat the tithe of your grain, of your wine, and of your oil, #ch. 12:6 and the firstborn of your herd and flock, #ch. 4:10; 17:19that you may learn to fear the Lord your God always. 24And if the way is too long for you, so that you are not able to carry the tithe, when the Lord your God blesses you, because #ch. 12:21the place is too far from you, which the Lord your God chooses, to set his name there, 25then you shall turn it into money and bind up the money in your hand and go to the place that the Lord your God chooses 26and spend the money for whatever you desire—oxen or sheep or wine or strong drink, whatever your appetite craves. And #[See ver. 23 above]you shall eat there before the Lord your God and rejoice, you and your household. 27And you shall not neglect #See ch. 12:19 the Levite who is within your towns, for #See Num. 18:20he has no portion or inheritance with you.
28 # ch. 26:12; [Amos 4:4] “At the end of every three years you shall bring out all the tithe of your produce in the same year and lay it up within your towns. 29And the Levite, because #[See ver. 27 above] he has no portion or inheritance with you, and the sojourner, the fatherless, and the widow, who are within your towns, shall come and eat and be filled, that #ch. 15:10; 24:19; Ps. 41:1; Prov. 14:21; 19:17; 22:9; Mal. 3:10the Lord your God may bless you in all the work of your hands that you do.