Amaziah Reigns in Judah
1 # For ver. 1-6, see 2 Chr. 25:1-4 In the #[ch. 13:10] second year of Joash the son of Joahaz, king of Israel, #ch. 12:21Amaziah the son of Joash, king of Judah, began to reign. 2He was twenty-five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Jehoaddin of Jerusalem. 3And he did what was right in the eyes of the Lord, yet not like David his father. He did in all things as Joash his father had done. 4#See ch. 12:3 But the high places were not removed; #[ch. 16:4]the people still sacrificed and made offerings on the high places. 5And as soon as the royal power was #[ch. 15:19] firmly in his hand, he struck down his servants #ch. 12:20who had struck down the king his father. 6But he did not put to death the children of the murderers, according to what is written in the Book of the Law of Moses, where the Lord commanded, #Deut. 24:16; [Jer. 31:30; Ezek. 18:4, 20]“Fathers shall not be put to death because of their children, nor shall children be put to death because of their fathers. But each one shall die for his own sin.”
2 Chr. 25:11 He struck down ten thousand Edomites in #2 Sam. 8:13; 1 Chr. 18:12; See Ps. 60 the Valley of Salt and took #Isa. 16:1 Sela by storm, and called it #[Josh. 15:38]Joktheel, which is its name to this day.
8 # For ver. 8-14, see 2 Chr. 25:17-24 Then Amaziah sent messengers to Jehoash#14:8 Jehoash is an alternate spelling of Joash (son of Jehoahaz) as in 13:9, 12–14; also verses 9, 11–16 the son of Jehoahaz, son of Jehu, king of Israel, saying, “Come, #[ch. 23:29]let us look one another in the face.” 9And Jehoash king of Israel sent word to Amaziah king of Judah, #[Judg. 9:8-15]“A thistle on Lebanon sent to a cedar on Lebanon, saying, ‘Give your daughter to my son for a wife,’ and a wild beast of Lebanon passed by and trampled down the thistle. 10You have indeed #ver. 7 struck down Edom, #Deut. 8:14; 2 Chr. 26:16; 32:25; Ezek. 28:2, 5, 17and your heart has lifted you up. Be content with your glory, and stay at home, for why should you provoke trouble so that you fall, you and Judah with you?”
11But Amaziah would not listen. So Jehoash king of Israel went up, and he and Amaziah king of Judah #[See ver. 8 above] faced one another in battle at #Josh. 15:10Beth-shemesh, which belongs to Judah. 12And Judah was defeated by Israel, #See 1 Sam. 4:10and every man fled to his home. 13And Jehoash king of Israel captured Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash, son of Ahaziah, at Beth-shemesh, and came to Jerusalem and broke down the wall of Jerusalem for four hundred cubits,#14:13 A cubit was about 18 inches or 45 centimeters from #Neh. 8:16; 12:39 the Ephraim Gate to #2 Chr. 25:23; 26:9; Jer. 31:38; Zech. 14:10the Corner Gate. 14And he seized #ch. 12:18; 1 Kgs. 7:51all the gold and silver, and all the vessels that were found in the house of the Lord and in the treasuries of the king’s house, also hostages, and he returned to Samaria.
15 # ch. 13:12, 13 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoash that he did, and his might, and how he fought with Amaziah king of Judah, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel? 16And Jehoash slept with his fathers and was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel, and Jeroboam his son reigned in his place.
17 # For ver. 17-22, see 2 Chr. 25:25–26:2 Amaziah the son of Joash, king of Judah, lived fifteen years after the death of Jehoash son of Jehoahaz, king of Israel. 18Now the rest of the deeds of Amaziah, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? 19And they made a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem, and he fled to #See Josh. 10:3Lachish. But they sent after him to Lachish and put him to death there. 20And they brought him on horses; and he was buried in Jerusalem with his fathers in the city of David. 21And all the people of Judah took Azariah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king instead of his father Amaziah. 22He built #ch. 16:6; Deut. 2:8; [2 Chr. 8:17; 26:2]Elath and restored it to Judah, after the king slept with his fathers.
Jeroboam II Reigns in Israel
23In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash, king of Judah, Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel, began to reign in Samaria, and he reigned forty-one years. 24And he did what was evil in the sight of the Lord. He did not depart from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, #See 1 Kgs. 14:16which he made Israel to sin. 25#[ch. 10:32; 13:25] He restored the border of Israel #See 1 Kgs. 8:65 from Lebo-hamath as far as the Sea of #See Deut. 3:17 the Arabah, according to the word of the Lord, the God of Israel, which he spoke by his servant #Jonah 1:1; [Matt. 12:39, 40] Jonah the son of Amittai, the prophet, who was from #Josh. 19:13Gath-hepher. 26For the Lord #Ex. 3:7; [ch. 13:4] saw that the affliction of Israel was very bitter, #See Deut. 32:36for there was none left, bond or free, and there was none to help Israel. 27#[ch. 13:5, 23]But the Lord had not said that he would blot out the name of Israel from under heaven, so he saved them by the hand of Jeroboam the son of Joash.
28Now the rest of the acts of Jeroboam and all that he did, and his might, how he fought, and how he restored #[2 Sam. 8:6; 1 Kgs. 11:24; 1 Chr. 18:5, 6] Damascus and #2 Chr. 8:3Hamath to Judah in Israel, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel? 29And Jeroboam slept with his fathers, the kings of Israel, and Zechariah his son reigned in his place.