David Anointed King of Israel
1Then all the tribes of Israel #For ver. 1-3, see 1 Chr. 11:1-3 came to David at Hebron and said, “Behold, #See Gen. 29:14we are your bone and flesh. 2In times past, when Saul was king over us, #[1 Sam. 18:13] it was you who led out and brought in Israel. And the Lord said to you, #ch. 7:7; 1 Chr. 17:6; Ps. 78:71, 72; [Matt. 2:6]‘You shall be shepherd of my people Israel, and you shall be prince#5:2 Or leader over Israel.’” 3So all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, #ch. 3:12, 13, 21; [2 Kgs. 11:17] and King David made a covenant with them at Hebron #Judg. 11:11; 1 Sam. 23:18before the Lord, and they anointed David king over Israel. 4David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and #1 Kgs. 2:11; 1 Chr. 3:4; 29:27he reigned forty years. 5#[See ver. 4 above] At Hebron he reigned over Judah #ch. 2:11seven years and six months, and at Jerusalem he reigned over all Israel and Judah thirty-three years.#5:5 Dead Sea Scroll lacks verses 4–5
6 # For ver. 6-10, see 1 Chr. 11:4-9 And the king and his men went to Jerusalem #Judg. 19:11; [Josh. 15:63; Judg. 1:21]against the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land, who said to David, “You will not come in here, but the blind and the lame will ward you off”—thinking, “David cannot come in here.” 7Nevertheless, David took the stronghold of Zion, #ch. 6:12, 16that is, the city of David. 8And David said on that day, “Whoever would strike the Jebusites, let him get up the water shaft to attack ‘the lame and the blind,’ who are hated by David’s soul.” Therefore it is said, “The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.” 9And David lived in the stronghold and called it #[See ver. 7 above] the city of David. And David built the city all around from the #1 Kgs. 9:15, 24; 11:27; 2 Kgs. 12:20; 2 Chr. 32:5Millo inward. 10And David became greater and greater, for the Lord, the God of hosts, was with him.
11 # For ver. 11-25, see 1 Chr. 14:1-16 And #1 Kgs. 5; 6Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, also carpenters and masons who built David a house. 12And David knew that the Lord had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for the sake of his people Israel.
13And David took more #[1 Chr. 3:9]concubines and wives from Jerusalem, after he came from Hebron, and more sons and daughters were born to David. 14#[1 Chr. 3:5-8]And these are the names of those who were born to him in Jerusalem: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon, 15Ibhar, Elishua, Nepheg, Japhia, 16Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphelet.
David Defeats the Philistines
17When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over Israel, all the Philistines went up to search for David. But David heard of it and went down #ch. 23:14; 1 Sam. 22:4, 5to the stronghold. 18Now the Philistines had come and spread out in #ver. 22; ch. 23:13; Josh. 15:8; 18:16; [Josh. 17:15]the Valley of Rephaim. 19And David #See ch. 2:1inquired of the Lord, “Shall I go up against the Philistines? Will you give them into my hand?” And the Lord said to David, “Go up, for I will certainly give the Philistines into your hand.” 20And David came to Baal-perazim, and David defeated them there. And he said, “The Lord has broken through my enemies before me like a breaking flood.” #Isa. 28:21Therefore the name of that place is called Baal-perazim.#5:20 Baal-perazim means Lord of breaking through 21And the Philistines left their idols there, and David and his men carried them away.
22And the Philistines came up yet again #ver. 18and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim. 23#See 1 Sam. 22:10And when David inquired of the Lord, he said, “You shall not go up; go around to their rear, and come against them opposite the balsam trees. 24And #[2 Kgs. 7:6] when you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the balsam trees, then rouse yourself, #[Judg. 4:14]for then the Lord has gone out before you to strike down the army of the Philistines.” 25And David did as the Lord commanded him, and struck down the Philistines from Geba #Josh. 10:33to Gezer.