Solomon Turns from the Lord
1Now #Neh. 13:26; [Deut. 17:17]King Solomon loved many foreign women, along with the daughter of Pharaoh: Moabite, Ammonite, Edomite, Sidonian, and Hittite women, 2from the nations concerning which the Lord had said to the people of Israel, #See Ex. 34:16“You shall not enter into marriage with them, neither shall they with you, for surely they will turn away your heart after their gods.” Solomon clung to these in love. 3He had 700 wives, who were princesses, and 300 concubines. And his wives turned away his heart. 4For when Solomon was old his wives turned away his heart after other gods, and #[ch. 8:61] his heart was not wholly true to the Lord his God, #ch. 9:4as was the heart of David his father. 5For Solomon went after #ver. 33; Judg. 2:13; 2 Kgs. 23:13 Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, and after #[ver. 7]Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites. 6So Solomon did what was evil in the sight of the Lord and did not wholly follow the Lord, as David his father had done. 7Then Solomon built a high place for #Num. 21:29; 2 Kgs. 23:13 Chemosh the abomination of Moab, and for #Lev. 18:21; 20:2-4; 2 Kgs. 23:10; Acts 7:43; [ver. 5]Molech the abomination of the Ammonites, on the mountain east of Jerusalem. 8And so he did for all his foreign wives, who made offerings and sacrificed to their gods.
The Lord Raises Adversaries
9And the Lord was angry with Solomon, because #ver. 2, 4 his heart had turned away from the Lord, the God of Israel, #ch. 3:5; 9:2who had appeared to him twice 10and #ch. 6:12; 9:6had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods. But he did not keep what the Lord commanded. 11Therefore the Lord said to Solomon, “Since this has been your practice and you have not kept my covenant and my statutes that I have commanded you, #ver. 31; [ch. 12:15, 16]I will surely tear the kingdom from you and will give it to your servant. 12Yet for the sake of David your father I will not do it in your days, but I will tear it out of the hand of your son. 13However, #[2 Sam. 7:15; Ps. 89:33] I will not tear away all the kingdom, but #ver. 32, 36; [ch. 12:20] I will give one tribe to your son, for the sake of David my servant and for the sake of Jerusalem #Deut. 12:5, 11that I have chosen.”
14And the Lord raised up an adversary against Solomon, Hadad the Edomite. He was of the royal house in Edom. 15For #2 Sam. 8:14; 1 Chr. 18:12, 13when David was in Edom, and Joab the commander of the army went up to bury the slain, he struck down every male in Edom 16(for Joab and all Israel remained there six months, until he had cut off every male in Edom). 17But Hadad fled to Egypt, together with certain Edomites of his father’s servants, Hadad still being a little child. 18They set out from Midian and came to #Num. 10:12; Deut. 33:2Paran and took men with them from Paran and came to Egypt, to Pharaoh king of Egypt, who gave him a house and assigned him an allowance of food and gave him land. 19And Hadad found great favor in the sight of Pharaoh, so that he gave him in marriage the sister of his own wife, the sister of Tahpenes the queen. 20And the sister of Tahpenes bore him Genubath his son, whom Tahpenes weaned in Pharaoh’s house. And Genubath was in Pharaoh’s house among the sons of Pharaoh. 21But when Hadad heard in Egypt #ch. 2:10that David slept with his fathers and that Joab the commander of the army was dead, Hadad said to Pharaoh, “Let me depart, that I may go to my own country.” 22But Pharaoh said to him, “What have you lacked with me that you are now seeking to go to your own country?” And he said to him, “Only let me depart.”
23God also raised up as an adversary to him, Rezon the son of Eliada, who had fled from his master #[2 Sam. 10:16]Hadadezer king of Zobah. 24And he gathered men about him and became leader of a marauding band, #2 Sam. 8:3; 10:8, 18after the killing by David. And they went to Damascus and lived there and made him king in Damascus. 25He was an adversary of Israel all the days of Solomon, doing harm as Hadad did. And he loathed Israel and reigned over Syria.
26 # ch. 12:2; 2 Chr. 13:6 Jeroboam the son of Nebat, #1 Sam. 1:1 an Ephraimite of Zeredah, a servant of Solomon, whose mother’s name was Zeruah, a widow, also #2 Sam. 20:21lifted up his hand against the king. 27And this was the reason why he lifted up his hand against the king. #ch. 9:24; [2 Sam. 5:9]Solomon built the Millo, and closed up the breach of the city of David his father. 28The man Jeroboam was very able, and when Solomon saw that the young man was industrious he gave him charge over all the forced labor of the house of Joseph. 29And at that time, when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, the prophet #ch. 12:15; 14:2; 15:29; 2 Chr. 9:29Ahijah the Shilonite found him on the road. Now Ahijah had dressed himself in a new garment, and the two of them were alone in the open country. 30Then Ahijah laid hold of the new garment that was on him, #[1 Sam. 15:27]and tore it into twelve pieces. 31And he said to Jeroboam, “Take for yourself ten pieces, for thus says the Lord, the God of Israel, ‘Behold, #ver. 11-13I am about to tear the kingdom from the hand of Solomon and will give you ten tribes 32(but #ver. 13; ch. 12:21 he shall have one tribe, for the sake of my servant David and for the sake of Jerusalem, #ch. 14:21; See Deut. 12:5the city that I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel), 33because they have#11:33 Septuagint, Syriac, Vulgate he has; twice in this verse forsaken me #ver. 5, 7and worshiped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, Chemosh the god of Moab, and Milcom the god of the Ammonites, and they have not walked in my ways, doing what is right in my sight and keeping my statutes and my rules, as David his father did. 34Nevertheless, I will not take the whole kingdom out of his hand, but I will make him ruler all the days of his life, for the sake of David my servant whom I chose, who kept my commandments and my statutes. 35#ver. 12; ch. 12:16, 17But I will take the kingdom out of his son’s hand and will give it to you, ten tribes. 36Yet to his son #[See ver. 32 above] I will give one tribe, that David my servant may always have #ch. 15:4; 2 Sam. 21:17; 2 Kgs. 8:19; 2 Chr. 21:7 a lamp before me in Jerusalem, #[See ver. 32 above]the city where I have chosen to put my name. 37And I will take you, and you shall reign over all that your soul desires, and you shall be king over Israel. 38And if you will listen to all that I command you, and will walk in my ways, and do what is right in my eyes by keeping my statutes and my commandments, as David my servant did, #Josh. 1:5 I will be with you and #1 Sam. 2:35; 2 Sam. 7:11, 27will build you a sure house, as I built for David, and I will give Israel to you. 39And I will afflict the offspring of David because of this, but not forever.’” 40Solomon sought therefore to kill Jeroboam. But Jeroboam arose and fled into Egypt, to #ch. 14:25; 2 Chr. 12:2, 5, 7, 9Shishak king of Egypt, and was in Egypt until the death of Solomon.
41 # For ver. 41-43, see 2 Chr. 9:29-31 Now the rest of the acts of Solomon, and all that he did, and his wisdom, are they not written in the Book of the Acts of Solomon? 42And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years. 43And Solomon #ch. 2:10; 14:20 slept with his fathers and was buried in the city of David his father. And #Matt. 1:7Rehoboam his son reigned in his place.