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Healing of the Man with Dropsy on the Sabbath.
#See note on Lk 13:10–17. 1#a. [14:1–6] 6:6–11; 13:10–17. On a sabbath he went to dine at the home of one of the leading Pharisees, and the people there were observing him carefully.#b. [14:1] 11:37. 2In front of him there was a man suffering from dropsy.#Dropsy: an abnormal swelling of the body because of the retention and accumulation of fluid. 3Jesus spoke to the scholars of the law and Pharisees in reply, asking, “Is it lawful to cure on the sabbath or not?”#c. [14:3] 6:9; Mk 3:4. 4But they kept silent; so he took the man and, after he had healed him, dismissed him. 5Then he said to them, “Who among you, if your son or ox#Your son or ox: this is the reading of many of the oldest and most important New Testament manuscripts. Because of the strange collocation of son and ox, some copyists have altered it to “your ass or ox,” on the model of the saying in Lk 13:15. falls into a cistern, would not immediately pull him out on the sabbath day?”#d. [14:5] 13:15; Dt 22:4; Mt 12:11. 6But they were unable to answer his question.#e. [14:6] Mt 22:46.
Conduct of Invited Guests and Hosts.
#The banquet scene found only in Luke provides the opportunity for these teachings of Jesus on humility and presents a setting to display Luke’s interest in Jesus’ attitude toward the rich and the poor (see notes on Lk 4:18; 6:20–26; 12:13–34). 7#f. [14:7] 11:43; Mt 23:6; Mk 12:38–39. He told a parable to those who had been invited, noticing how they were choosing the places of honor at the table. 8#g. [14:8–10] Prv 25:6–7. “When you are invited by someone to a wedding banquet, do not recline at table in the place of honor. A more distinguished guest than you may have been invited by him, 9and the host who invited both of you may approach you and say, ‘Give your place to this man,’ and then you would proceed with embarrassment to take the lowest place. 10Rather, when you are invited, go and take the lowest place so that when the host comes to you he may say, ‘My friend, move up to a higher position.’ Then you will enjoy the esteem of your companions at the table. 11For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, but the one who humbles himself will be exalted.”#h. [14:11] 18:14. 12Then he said to the host who invited him, “When you hold a lunch or a dinner, do not invite your friends or your brothers or your relatives or your wealthy neighbors, in case they may invite you back and you have repayment.#i. [14:12] 6:32–35. 13Rather, when you hold a banquet, invite the poor, the crippled, the lame, the blind; 14blessed indeed will you be because of their inability to repay you. For you will be repaid at the resurrection of the righteous.”#j. [14:14] Jn 5:29.
The Parable of the Great Feast.
#The parable of the great dinner is a further illustration of the rejection by Israel, God’s chosen people, of Jesus’ invitation to share in the banquet in the kingdom and the extension of the invitation to other Jews whose identification as the poor, crippled, blind, and lame (Lk 14:21) classifies them among those who recognize their need for salvation, and to Gentiles (Lk 14:23). A similar parable is found in Mt 22:1–10. 15One of his fellow guests on hearing this said to him, “Blessed is the one who will dine in the kingdom of God.” 16#k. [14:16–24] Mt 22:2–10. He replied to him, “A man gave a great dinner to which he invited many. 17When the time for the dinner came, he dispatched his servant to say to those invited, ‘Come, everything is now ready.’ 18But one by one, they all began to excuse themselves. The first said to him, ‘I have purchased a field and must go to examine it; I ask you, consider me excused.’ 19And another said, ‘I have purchased five yoke of oxen and am on my way to evaluate them; I ask you, consider me excused.’ 20And another said, ‘I have just married a woman, and therefore I cannot come.’ 21The servant went and reported this to his master. Then the master of the house in a rage commanded his servant, ‘Go out quickly into the streets and alleys of the town and bring in here the poor and the crippled, the blind and the lame.’ 22The servant reported, ‘Sir, your orders have been carried out and still there is room.’ 23The master then ordered the servant, ‘Go out to the highways and hedgerows and make people come in that my home may be filled. 24For, I tell you, none of those men who were invited will taste my dinner.’”
Sayings on Discipleship.
#This collection of sayings, most of which are peculiar to Luke, focuses on the total dedication necessary for the disciple of Jesus. No attachment to family (Lk 14:26) or possessions (Lk 14:33) can stand in the way of the total commitment demanded of the disciple. Also, acceptance of the call to be a disciple demands readiness to accept persecution and suffering (Lk 14:27) and a realistic assessment of the hardships and costs (Lk 14:28–32). 25Great crowds were traveling with him, and he turned and addressed them, 26#l. [14:26–27] Mt 10:37–38. “If any one comes to me without hating his father#Hating his father…: cf. the similar saying in Mt 10:37. The disciple’s family must take second place to the absolute dedication involved in following Jesus (see also Lk 9:59–62). and mother, wife and children, brothers and sisters, and even his own life, he cannot be my disciple.#m. [14:26] 9:57–62; 18:29; Jn 12:25. 27Whoever does not carry his own cross and come after me cannot be my disciple.#n. [14:27] 9:23; Mt 16:24; Mk 8:34. 28Which of you wishing to construct a tower does not first sit down and calculate the cost to see if there is enough for its completion? 29Otherwise, after laying the foundation and finding himself unable to finish the work the onlookers should laugh at him 30and say, ‘This one began to build but did not have the resources to finish.’ 31Or what king marching into battle would not first sit down and decide whether with ten thousand troops he can successfully oppose another king advancing upon him with twenty thousand troops? 32But if not, while he is still far away, he will send a delegation to ask for peace terms. 33In the same way, everyone of you who does not renounce all his possessions cannot be my disciple.#o. [14:33] 5:11.
The Simile of Salt.
#The simile of salt follows the sayings of Jesus that demanded of the disciple total dedication and detachment from family and possessions and illustrates the condition of one who does not display this total commitment. The halfhearted disciple is like salt that cannot serve its intended purpose. See the simile of salt in Mt 5:13 and the note there. 34“Salt is good, but if salt itself loses its taste, with what can its flavor be restored?#p. [14:34] Mt 5:13; Mk 9:50. 35It is fit neither for the soil nor for the manure pile; it is thrown out. Whoever has ears to hear ought to hear.”#q. [14:35] 8:8; Mt 11:15; 13:9; Mk 4:9, 23.