God the Judge of the World
1For the leader. Do not destroy! A psalm of Asaph; a song.
2We thank you, God, we give thanks;
we call upon your name,
we declare your wonderful deeds.
[You said:]#You said: supplied for clarity here and in Ps 75:11. The translation assumes in both places that the psalmist is citing an oracle of God.
3“I will choose the time;
I will judge fairly.
4Though the earth and all its inhabitants quake,
I make steady its pillars.”#Ps 46:3; 60:4; 93:1; 96:10; 104:5; 1 Sm 2:8; Is 24:19.
5So I say to the boastful: “Do not boast!”#1 Sm 2:3; Zec 2:1–4.
to the wicked: “Do not raise your horns!#Do not raise your horns!: the horn is the symbol of strength; to raise one’s horn is to exalt one’s own power as Ps 75:5 explains.
6Do not raise your horns against heaven!
Do not speak with a stiff neck!”#Jb 15:25.
7For judgment comes not from east or from west,
not from the wilderness or the mountains,#Mt 24:23–27.
8But from God who decides,
who brings some low and raises others high.#Jb 5:11; 1 Sm 2:7.
9Yes, a cup#A cup: “the cup of God’s wrath” is the punishment inflicted on the wicked, cf. Is 51:17; Jer 25:15–29; 49:12; Ez 23:31–33. Spiced: lit., “a mixed drink”; spices or drugs were added to wine, cf. Prv 9:2, 5. is in the Lord’s hand,
foaming wine, fully spiced.#A cup: “the cup of God’s wrath” is the punishment inflicted on the wicked, cf. Is 51:17; Jer 25:15–29; 49:12; Ez 23:31–33. Spiced: lit., “a mixed drink”; spices or drugs were added to wine, cf. Prv 9:2, 5.
When God pours it out,
they will drain it even to the dregs;
all the wicked of the earth will drink.#Ps 60:5; Jb 21:20; Is 51:17, 21–22; Jer 25:15ff; Hab 2:16.
10But I will rejoice forever;
I will sing praise to the God of Jacob,
11#Ps 92:11.[Who has said:]
“I will cut off all the horns of the wicked,
but the horns of the righteous will be exalted.”