Psalms 114
The Lord’s Wonders at the Exodus
1When Israel came forth from Egypt,
the house of Jacob from an alien people,
2Judah became God’s sanctuary,
Israel, God’s domain.#Ex 19:6.
3#Pairs of cosmic elements such as sea and rivers, mountains and hills, are sometimes mentioned in creation accounts. Personified here as warriors, the pairs tremble in fear before the Divine Warrior. The quaking also recalls the divine appearance in the storm at Sinai (Ex 19:16–19) and elsewhere (Jgs 5:4–5; Ps 18:7–15).The sea saw and fled;
the Jordan turned back.#Ps 66:6; 74:15; Ex 14:21f; Jos 3:14ff.
4The mountains skipped like rams;
the hills, like lambs.#Ps 29:6; Wis 19:9.
5Why was it, sea, that you fled?
Jordan, that you turned back?
6Mountains, that you skipped like rams?
You hills, like lambs?
7Tremble, earth, before the Lord,#Ps 68:9.
before the God of Jacob,
8#The miracles of giving drink to the people in the arid desert, cf. Ex 17:1–7; Is 41:17–18.Who turned the rock into pools of water,
flint into a flowing spring.#Ex 17:6; Nm 20:11.

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