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The Resurrection of Jesus.
#The purpose of this narrative is to show that the tomb is empty and that Jesus has been raised (Mk 16:6) and is going before you to Galilee (Mk 16:7) in fulfillment of Mk 14:28. The women find the tomb empty, and an angel stationed there announces to them what has happened. They are told to proclaim the news to Peter and the disciples in order to prepare them for a reunion with him. Mark’s composition of the gospel ends at Mk 16:8 with the women telling no one, because they were afraid. This abrupt termination causes some to believe that the original ending of this gospel may have been lost. See the following note. 1When the sabbath was over,#a. [16:1–8] Mt 28:1–8; Lk 24:1–10; Jn 20:1–10. Mary Magdalene, Mary, the mother of James, and Salome bought spices so that they might go and anoint him.#b. [16:1–2] Mt 28:1; Lk 23:56. 2Very early when the sun had risen, on the first day of the week, they came to the tomb. 3They were saying to one another, “Who will roll back the stone for us from the entrance to the tomb?” 4When they looked up, they saw that the stone had been rolled back; it was very large. 5On entering the tomb they saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed in a white robe, and they were utterly amazed.#c. [16:5] Jn 20:12. 6He said to them, “Do not be amazed! You seek Jesus of Nazareth, the crucified. He has been raised; he is not here. Behold the place where they laid him. 7But go and tell his disciples and Peter, ‘He is going before you to Galilee; there you will see him, as he told you.’”#d. [16:7] 14:28. 8Then they went out and fled from the tomb, seized with trembling and bewilderment. They said nothing to anyone, for they were afraid.
THE LONGER ENDING#This passage, termed the Longer Ending to the Marcan gospel by comparison with a much briefer conclusion found in some less important manuscripts, has traditionally been accepted as a canonical part of the gospel and was defined as such by the Council of Trent. Early citations of it by the Fathers indicate that it was composed by the second century, although vocabulary and style indicate that it was written by someone other than Mark. It is a general resume of the material concerning the appearances of the risen Jesus, reflecting, in particular, traditions found in Lk 24 and Jn 20.The Freer Logion: Found after v 14 in a fourth-fifth century manuscript preserved in the Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, this ending was known to Jerome in the fourth century. It reads: “And they excused themselves, saying, ‘This age of lawlessness and unbelief is under Satan, who does not allow the truth and power of God to prevail over the unclean things dominated by the spirits [or, does not allow the unclean things dominated by the spirits to grasp the truth and power of God]. Therefore reveal your righteousness now.’ They spoke to Christ. And Christ responded to them, ‘The limit of the years of Satan’s power is completed, but other terrible things draw near. And for those who sinned I was handed over to death, that they might return to the truth and no longer sin, in order that they might inherit the spiritual and incorruptible heavenly glory of righteousness. But….’”
The Appearance to Mary Magdalene.
[9#e. [16:9–20] Mt 28:1–10; Jn 20:11–18. When he had risen, early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had driven seven demons. 10#f. [16:10–11] Lk 24:10–11; Jn 20:18. She went and told his companions who were mourning and weeping. 11When they heard that he was alive and had been seen by her, they did not believe.
The Appearance to Two Disciples.
12#g. [16:12–14] Lk 24:13–35. After this he appeared in another form to two of them walking along on their way to the country. 13They returned and told the others; but they did not believe them either.
The Commissioning of the Eleven.
14#h. [16:14] Lk 24:36–49; 1 Cor 15:5. [But] later, as the eleven were at table, he appeared to them and rebuked them for their unbelief and hardness of heart because they had not believed those who saw him after he had been raised. 15#i. [16:15–16] 13:10; Mt 28:18–20; Lk 24:47; Jn 20:21. He said to them, “Go into the whole world and proclaim the gospel to every creature. 16Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved; whoever does not believe will be condemned. 17These signs will accompany those who believe: in my name they will drive out demons, they will speak new languages. 18They will pick up serpents [with their hands], and if they drink any deadly thing, it will not harm them. They will lay hands on the sick, and they will recover.”#j. [16:18] Mt 10:1; Lk 10:19; Acts 28:3–6.
The Ascension of Jesus.
19So then the Lord Jesus, after he spoke to them, was taken up into heaven and took his seat at the right hand of God.#k. [16:19] Lk 24:50–53. 20But they went forth and preached everywhere, while the Lord worked with them and confirmed the word through accompanying signs.]#l. [16:20] 1 Tm 3:16.
THE SHORTER ENDING#The Shorter Ending: Found after Mk 16:8 before the Longer Ending in four seventh-to-ninth-century Greek manuscripts as well as in one Old Latin version, where it appears alone without the Longer Ending.
[And they reported all the instructions briefly to Peter’s companions. Afterwards Jesus himself, through them, sent forth from east to west the sacred and imperishable proclamation of eternal salvation. Amen.]
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1 And when the Sabbath had passed, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought aromatic spices, so that when they arrived they could anoint Jesus.
2 And very early in the morning, on the first of the Sabbaths, they went to the tomb, the sun having now risen.
3 And they said to one another, "Who will roll back the stone for us, away from the entrance of the tomb?"
4 And looking, they saw that the stone was rolled back. For certainly it was very large.
5 And upon entering the tomb, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, covered with a white robe, and they were astonished.
6 And he said to them, "Do not become frightened. You are seeking Jesus of Nazareth, the Crucified One. He has risen. He is not here. Behold, the place where they laid him.
7 But go, tell his disciples and Peter that he is going before you into Galilee. There you shall see him, just as he told you."
8 But they, going out, fled from the tomb. For trembling and fear had overwhelmed them. And they said nothing to anyone. For they were afraid.
9 But he, rising early on the first Sabbath, appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven demons.
10 She went and announced it to those who had been with him, while they were mourning and weeping.
11 And they, upon hearing that he was alive and that he had been seen by her, did not believe it.
12 But after these events, he was shown in another likeness to two of them walking, as they were going out to the countryside.
13 And they, returning, reported it to the others; neither did they believe them.
14 Finally, he appeared to the eleven, as they sat at table. And he rebuked them for their incredulity and hardness of heart, because they did not believe those who had seen that he had risen again.
15 And he said to them: "Go forth to the whole world and preach the Gospel to every creature.
16 Whoever will have believed and been baptized will be saved. Yet truly, whoever will not have believed will be condemned.
17 Now these signs will accompany those who believe. In my name, they shall cast out demons. They will speak in new languages.
18 They will take up serpents, and, if they drink anything deadly, it will not harm them. They shall lay their hands upon the sick, and they will be well."
19 And indeed, the Lord Jesus, after he had spoken to them, was taken up into heaven, and he sits at the right hand of God.
20 Then they, setting out, preached everywhere, with the Lord cooperating and confirming the word by the accompanying signs.