28One of the scribes,#i. [12:28–34] Mt 22:34–40; Lk 10:25–28. when he came forward and heard them disputing and saw how well he had answered them, asked him, “Which is the first of all the commandments?” 29Jesus replied, “The first is this: ‘Hear, O Israel! The Lord our God is Lord alone! 30You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength.’#j. [12:30] Dt 6:4–5. 31The second is this: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.”#k. [12:31] Lv 19:18; Rom 13:9; Gal 5:14; Jas 2:8. 32The scribe said to him, “Well said, teacher. You are right in saying, ‘He is One and there is no other than he.’ 33And ‘to love him with all your heart, with all your understanding, with all your strength, and to love your neighbor as yourself’ is worth more than all burnt offerings and sacrifices.”#l. [12:33] Dt 6:4; Ps 40:7–9. 34And when Jesus saw that [he] answered with understanding, he said to him, “You are not far from the kingdom of God.” And no one dared to ask him any more questions.#m. [12:34] Mt 22:46; Lk 20:40. #Jesus questions the claim of the scribes about the Davidic descent of the Messiah, not to deny it (Mt 1:1; Acts 2:20, 34; Rom 1:3; 2 Tm 2:8) but to imply that he is more than this. His superiority derives from his transcendent origin, to which David himself attested when he spoke of the Messiah with the name “Lord” (Ps 110:1). See also note on Mt 22:41–46.