The Western Tribes. 1These are the portions which the Israelites received as heritage in the land of Canaan.#Jos 17:4; 21:1; Nm 27:19–22; 34:17–18. Eleazar the priest, Joshua, son of Nun, and the heads of families in the tribes of the Israelites determined 2their heritage by lot, as the Lord had commanded through Moses concerning the remaining nine and a half tribes.#Nm 26:55; 33:54; 34:13. 3To two and a half tribes Moses had already given a heritage beyond the Jordan; to the Levites he had given no heritage among them:#Jos 13:8, 14, 33. 4the descendants of Joseph formed two tribes, Manasseh and Ephraim. But the Levites were given no share of the land except cities to live in, with their pasture lands for the herds and flocks.#Jos 21:3–40; Gn 48:5.
5As the Lord had commanded Moses, so the Israelites did: they apportioned the land.
Caleb’s Portion. 6#Nm 14:24, 30; 32:12; Dt 1:36, 38. When the Judahites approached Joshua in Gilgal, the Kenizzite Caleb, son of Jephunneh, said to him: “You know the word the Lord spoke to Moses, the man of God, concerning you and concerning me in Kadesh-barnea. 7#Nm 14:6–9. I was forty years old when Moses, the servant of the Lord, sent me from Kadesh-barnea to reconnoiter the land; and I brought back to him a frank report. 8#Nm 13:31–33; 14:24; 32:12; Dt 1:36. My fellow scouts who went up with me made the people’s confidence melt away, but I was completely loyal to the Lord, my God. 9On that occasion Moses swore this oath, ‘The land where you have set foot shall become your heritage and that of your descendants forever, because you have been completely loyal to the Lord, my God.’ 10Now, as he promised, the Lord has preserved me these forty-five years since the Lord spoke thus to Moses while Israel journeyed in the wilderness; and now I am eighty-five years old,#Nm 14:30. 11but I am still as strong today as I was the day Moses sent me forth, with no less vigor whether it be for war or for any other tasks.#War
other tasks: lit., “to go forth and to come in,” i.e., to conduct military expeditions and to return after victory; cf. 1 Sm 18:16; 2 Sm 5:2. #Sir 46:1–10. 12Now give me this mountain region which the Lord promised me that day, as you yourself heard. True, the Anakim are there, with large fortified cities, but if the Lord is with me I shall be able to dispossess them, as the Lord promised.”#Jos 11:21–22. 13Joshua blessed Caleb, son of Jephunneh, and gave him Hebron as his heritage.#Jos 10:36–37; 15:13–19; 21:11–12. 14Therefore Hebron remains the heritage of the Kenizzite Caleb, son of Jephunneh, to the present day, because he was completely loyal to the Lord, the God of Israel. 15Hebron was formerly called Kiriath-arba, for Arba, the greatest among the Anakim.#Jgs 1:10. And the land had rest from war.