NABRENew American Bible, revised edition
1#Discourse on the union of Jesus with his disciples. His words become a monologue and go beyond the immediate crisis of the departure of Jesus. “I am the true vine,#Like Jn 10:1–5, this passage resembles a parable. Israel is spoken of as a vineyard at Is 5:1–7; Mt 21:33–46 and as a vine at Ps 80:9–17; Jer 2:21; Ez 15:2; 17:5–10; 19:10; Hos 10:1. The identification of the vine as the Son of Man in Ps 80:15 and Wisdom’s description of herself as a vine in Sir 24:17 are further background for portrayal of Jesus by this figure. There may be secondary eucharistic symbolism here; cf. Mk 14:25 “the fruit of the vine.” and my Father is the vine grower.#a. [15:1] Ps 80:9–17; Is 5:1–7; Jer 2:21; Ez 15:2; 17:5–10; 19:10. 2He takes away every branch in me that does not bear fruit, and every one that does he prunes#Takes away…prunes: in Greek there is a play on two related verbs. so that it bears more fruit. 3You are already pruned because of the word that I spoke to you.#b. [15:3] 13:10. 4Remain in me, as I remain in you. Just as a branch cannot bear fruit on its own unless it remains on the vine, so neither can you unless you remain in me. 5I am the vine, you are the branches. Whoever remains in me and I in him will bear much fruit, because without me you can do nothing. 6#Branches were cut off and dried on the wall of the vineyard for later use as fuel. #c. [15:6] Ez 15:6–7; 19:10–14. Anyone who does not remain in me will be thrown out like a branch and wither; people will gather them and throw them into a fire and they will be burned. 7If you remain in me and my words remain in you, ask for whatever you want and it will be done for you.#d. [15:7] 14:13; Mt 7:7; Mk 11:24; 1 Jn 5:14. 8By this is my Father glorified, that you bear much fruit and become my disciples.#e. [15:8] Mt 5:16.
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