1Seven women will take hold of one man#Seven women…one man: deportation (cf. note on 3:1–12) would result in a disproportion of the sexes and leave the female population without enough male partners. The women are willing to marry, not for support, but to avoid disgrace.
on that day, saying:
“We will eat our own food
and wear our own clothing;
Only let your name be given us,
put an end to our disgrace!”
2#Usually judged a later addition to the oracles of Isaiah. It relieves the threatening tone of the surrounding chaps. 3 and 5. On that day,
The branch#Branch: the term (Heb. semah) that is sometimes used of the ideal Davidic king of the future (cf. Jer 23:5; 33:15; Zec 3:8; 6:12). However, the parallel “fruit of the land” does not favor that usage here. of the Lord will be beauty and glory,
and the fruit of the land will be honor and splendor
for the survivors of Israel.
3Everyone who remains in Zion,
everyone left in Jerusalem
Will be called holy:
everyone inscribed for life#Inscribed for life: in God’s list of the elect; cf. Ex 32:32. in Jerusalem.#a. [4:3] Is 6:13; Ob 17; Mal 3:16.
4When the Lord washes away
the filth of the daughters of Zion,
And purges Jerusalem’s blood from her midst
with a blast of judgment, a searing blast,#b. [4:4] Is 1:21–28.
5Then will the Lord create,
over the whole site of Mount Zion
and over her place of assembly,
A smoking cloud by day
and a light of flaming fire by night.#c. [4:5] Ex 13:21.
6For over all, his glory will be shelter and protection:
shade from the parching heat of day,
refuge and cover from storm and rain.#d. [4:6] Is 32:1–2.