Purification after Having Skin Diseases
1The LORD gave Moses 2#Mt 8.4; Mk 1.44; Lk 5.14; 17.14the following regulations about the ritual purification of a person cured of a dreaded skin disease. On the day he is to be pronounced clean, he shall be brought to the priest, 3and the priest shall take him outside the camp and examine him. If the disease is healed, 4the priest shall order two ritually clean birds to be brought, together with a piece of cedar wood, a red cord, and a sprig of hyssop. 5Then the priest shall order one of the birds to be killed over a clay bowl containing fresh spring water. 6He shall take the other bird and dip it, together with the cedar wood, the red cord, and the hyssop, in the blood of the bird that was killed. 7He shall sprinkle the blood seven times on the person who is to be purified from his skin disease, and then he shall pronounce him clean. He shall let the live bird fly away over the open fields. 8The person shall wash his clothes, shave off all his hair, and have a bath; he will then be ritually clean. He may enter the camp, but he must live outside his tent for seven days. 9On the seventh day he shall again shave his head, his beard, his eyebrows, and all the rest of the hair on his body; he shall wash his clothes and have a bath, and then he will be ritually clean.
10On the eighth day he shall bring two male lambs and one female lamb a year old that are without any defects, three kilogrammes of flour mixed with olive oil, and a third of a litre of olive oil. 11The priest shall take the person and these offerings to the entrance of the Tent of the LORD's presence. 12Then the priest shall take one of the male lambs and together with the one-third of a litre of oil he shall offer it as a repayment offering. He shall present them as a special gift to the LORD for the priest. 13He shall kill the lamb in the place where the animals for the sin offerings and the burnt offerings are killed. He must do this because the repayment offering, like the sin offering, belongs to the priest and is very holy. 14The priest shall take some of the blood of the lamb and put it on the lobe of the right ear, on the thumb of the right-hand, and on the big toe of the right foot of the one who is to be declared ritually clean. 15The priest shall take some of the olive oil and pour it in the palm of his own left-hand, 16dip a finger of his right-hand in it, and sprinkle some of it seven times there in the LORD's presence. 17He shall take some of the oil that is in the palm of his hand and some of the blood of the lamb and put them on the lobe of the right ear, on the thumb of the right-hand, and on the big toe of the right foot of the one who is to be declared ritually clean. 18He shall put the rest of the oil that is in the palm of his hand on the person's head. In this way he shall perform the ritual of purification.
19Then the priest shall offer the sin offering and perform the ritual of purification. After that, he shall kill the animal for the burnt offering 20and offer it with the grain offering on the altar. In this way the priest shall perform the ritual of purification, and the person will be ritually clean.
21If he is poor and cannot afford any more, he shall bring for his purification only one male lamb as his repayment offering, a special gift to the LORD for the priest. He shall bring only one kilogramme of flour mixed with olive oil for a grain offering and a third of a litre of olive oil. 22He shall also bring two doves or two pigeons, one for the sin offering and one for the burnt offering. 23On the eighth day of his purification he shall bring them to the priest at the entrance of the Tent. 24The priest shall take the lamb and the olive oil and present them as a special gift to the LORD for the priest. 25He shall kill the lamb and take some of the blood and put it on the lobe of the person's right ear, on the thumb of his right-hand, and on the big toe of his right foot. 26The priest shall pour some of the oil into the palm of his own left-hand 27and with a finger of his right-hand sprinkle some of it seven times there in the LORD's presence. 28He shall put some of the oil on the same places as he put the blood: on the lobe of the person's right ear, on the thumb of his right-hand, and on the big toe of his right foot. 29The rest of the oil that is in his palm he shall put on the person's head and in this way perform the ritual of purification. 30Then he shall offer one of the doves or pigeons 31as the sin offering and the other as the burnt offering with the grain offering. In this way the priest shall perform the ritual of purification. 32This is the law for the one who has a dreaded skin disease but who cannot afford the normal offerings required for his purification.
Mildew in Houses
33The LORD gave Moses and Aaron 34-35the following regulations about houses affected by spreading mildew. (These were to apply after the people of Israel entered the land of Canaan, which the LORD was going to give them as their possession.) If someone finds that the LORD has sent mildew on his house, then he must go and tell the priest about it. 36The priest shall order everything to be moved out of the house before he goes to examine the mildew; otherwise everything in the house will be declared unclean. Then he shall go to the house 37and examine the mildew. If there are greenish or reddish spots that appear to be eating into the wall, 38he shall leave the house and lock it up for seven days. 39On the seventh day he shall return and examine it again. If the mildew has spread, 40he shall order the stones on which the mildew is found to be removed and thrown into some unclean place outside the city. 41After that he must have all the interior walls scraped and the plaster dumped in an unclean place outside the city. 42Then other stones are to be used to replace the stones that were removed, and new plaster will be used to cover the walls.
43If the mildew breaks out again in the house after the stones have been removed and the house has been scraped and plastered, 44the priest shall go and look. If it has spread, the house is unclean. 45It must be torn down, and its stones, its wood, and all its plaster must be carried out of the city to an unclean place. 46Anyone who enters the house while it is locked up will be unclean until evening. 47Anyone who lies down or eats in the house must wash his clothes.
48If, when the priest comes to look, the mildew has not reappeared after the house has been replastered, he shall pronounce the house ritually clean, because the mildew has been completely removed. 49To purify the house, he shall take two birds, some cedar wood, a red cord, and a sprig of hyssop. 50He shall kill one of the birds over a clay bowl containing fresh spring water. 51Then he shall take the cedar wood, the hyssop, the red cord, and the live bird and shall dip them in the blood of the bird that was killed and in the fresh water. And he shall sprinkle the house seven times. 52In this way he shall purify the house with the bird's blood, the fresh water, the live bird, the cedar wood, the hyssop, and the red cord. 53Then he shall let the live bird fly away outside the city over the open fields. In this way he shall perform the ritual of purification for the house, and it will be ritually clean.
54These are the laws about dreaded skin diseases; 55-56sores, boils, or inflammations; and about mildew in clothes or houses. 57These laws determine when something is unclean and when it is clean.