A Vision of the Future Temple
Ezekiel is Taken to Jerusalem
1It was the tenth day of the new year, which was the 25th year after we had been taken into exile and the fourteenth year after Jerusalem was captured. On that day I felt the powerful presence of the LORD, and he carried me away. 2#Rev 21.10In a vision God took me to the land of Israel and put me on a high mountain. I saw in front of me#40.2 One ancient translation in front of me; Hebrew in the south. a group of buildings that looked like a city. 3#Rev 11.1; 21.15He took me closer, and I saw a man who shone like bronze. He was holding a linen tape measure and a measuring rod and was standing by a gateway.
4He said to me, “Watch, mortal man. Listen carefully and pay close attention to everything I show you, because this is why you were brought here. You are to tell the people of Israel everything you see.”
The East Gate
5 # 1 Kgs 6.1–38; 2 Chr 3.1–9 What I saw was the Temple, and there was a wall round it. The man took his measuring rod, which was three metres long, and measured the wall. It was three metres high and three metres thick. 6Then he went to the gateway that faced east. He went up the steps, and at the top he measured the entrance; it was three metres deep.#40.6 One ancient translation deep; Hebrew deep, one entrance 3 metres deep. 7Beyond it there was a passage, which had three guardrooms on each side. Each of the rooms was square, three metres on each side, and the walls between them were 2.5 metres thick. Beyond the guardrooms there was a passage three metres long that led to an entrance room which faced the Temple. 8-9He measured this room, and found it was four metres deep. It formed that end of the gateway which was nearest the Temple, and at its far end the walls were one metre thick. 10(These guardrooms on each side of the passage were all the same size, and the walls between them were all of the same thickness.)
11Next, the man measured the width of the passage in the gateway. It was 6.5 metres altogether, and the space between the open gates was five metres. 12In front of each of the guardrooms there was a low wall fifty centimetres high and fifty centimetres thick. (The rooms were three metres square.) 13Then he measured the distance from the back wall#40.13 Probable text back wall; Hebrew roof. of one room to the back wall of the room across the passage from it, and it was 12.5 metres. 14The room at the far end led out to a courtyard. He measured that room and found it was ten metres wide.#40.14 Verse 14 in Hebrew is unclear. 15The total length of the gateway from the outside wall of the gate to the far side of the last room was 25 metres. 16There were small openings in the outside walls of all the rooms and also in the inner walls between the rooms. There were palm trees carved on the inner walls that faced the passage.
The Outer Courtyard
17The man took me through the gateway into the courtyard. There were thirty rooms built against the outer wall, and in front of them there was an area paved with stones, 18which extended round the courtyard. This outer courtyard was at a lower level than the inner courtyard.
19There was a gateway at a higher level that led to the inner courtyard. The man measured the distance between the two gateways, and it was fifty metres.#40.19 Hebrew has two additional words, the meaning of which is unclear.
The North Gate
20Then the man measured the gateway on the north side that led into the outer courtyard. 21The three guardrooms on each side of the passage, the walls between them, and the entrance room all had the same measurements as those in the east gateway. The total length of the gateway was 25 metres and the width 12.5 metres. 22The entrance room, the windows, and the carved palm trees were like those in the east gate. Here seven steps led up to the gate, and the entrance room was at the end facing the courtyard. 23Across the courtyard from this north gateway was another gateway leading to the inner courtyard, just as there was on the east side. The man measured the distance between these two gateways, and it was fifty metres.
The South Gate
24Next, the man took me to the south side, and there we saw another gateway. He measured its inner walls and its entrance room, and they were the same as the others. 25There were windows in the rooms of this gateway just as in the others. The total length of the gateway was 25 metres, and the width 12.5 metres. 26Seven steps led up to it, and its entrance room was also at the end facing the courtyard. There were palm trees carved on the inner walls that faced the passage. 27Here, too, there was a gateway leading to the inner courtyard. The man measured the distance to this second gateway, and it was fifty metres.
The Inner Courtyard: the South Gate
28The man took me through the south gateway into the inner courtyard. He measured the gateway, and it was the same size as the gateways in the outer wall. 29-30Its guardrooms, its entrance room, and its inner walls were the same size as those in the other gateways. There were also windows in the rooms of this gateway. The total length was 25 metres and the width 12.5 metres. 31Its entrance room faced the other courtyard, and palm trees were carved on the walls along the passage. Eight steps led up to this gate.
The Inner Courtyard: the East Gate
32The man took me through the east gateway into the inner courtyard. He measured the gateway, and it was the same size as the others. 33Its guardrooms, its entrance room, and its inner walls measured the same as those in the other gateways. There were windows all round, and in the entrance room also. The total length was 25 metres and the width 12.5 metres. 34The entrance room faced the outer courtyard. Palm trees were carved on the walls along the passage. Eight steps led up to this gate.
The Inner Courtyard: the North Gate
35Then the man took me to the north gateway. He measured it, and it was the same size as the others. 36Like them, it also had guardrooms, decorated inner walls, an entrance room, and windows all round. Its total length was 25 metres and its width 12.5 metres. 37The entrance room#40.37 Some ancient translations entrance room; Hebrew inner wall. faced the outer courtyard. Palm trees were carved on the walls along the passage. Eight steps led up to this gate.
Buildings near the North Gate
38In the outer courtyard there was an annexe attached to the inner gateway on the north side. It opened into the entrance room that faced the courtyard, and there they washed the carcasses of the animals to be burnt whole as sacrifices. 39In this entrance room there were four tables, two on each side of the room. It was on these tables that they killed the animals to be offered as sacrifices, either to be burnt whole or to be sacrifices for sin or as repayment offerings. 40Outside the room there were four similar tables, two on either side of the entrance of the north gate. 41Altogether there were eight tables on which the animals to be sacrificed were killed: four inside the room and four out in the courtyard. 42The four tables in the annexe, used to prepare the offerings to be burnt whole, were of cut stone. They were fifty centimetres high, and their tops were 75 centimetres square. All the equipment used in killing the sacrificial animals was kept on these tables. 43Ledges 25 millimetres wide ran round the edge of the tables. All the meat to be offered in sacrifice was placed on the tables.#40.43 Verse 43 in Hebrew is unclear.
44Then he brought me into the inner courtyard. There were two rooms opening on the inner courtyard, one facing south beside the north gateway and the other facing north beside the south gateway.#40.44 One ancient translation Then… south gateway; verse 44 in Hebrew is unclear. 45The man told me that the room which faced south was for the priests who served in the Temple, 46and the room which faced north was for the priests who served at the altar. All the priests are descended from Zadok; they are the only members of the tribe of Levi who are permitted to go into the LORD's presence to serve him.
The Inner Courtyard and the Temple Building
47The man measured the inner courtyard, and it was fifty metres square. The Temple was on the west side, and in front of it was an altar. 48Then he took me into the entrance room of the Temple. He measured the entrance: it was 2.5 metres deep and seven metres wide,#40.48 One ancient translation and seven metres wide; Hebrew does not have these words. with walls 1.5 metres thick on either side. 49Steps led up to the entrance room, which was ten metres wide and six metres deep. There were two columns, one on each side of the entrance.