Hannah Gives Thanks
1Hannah said,
“My heart is happy in the Lord.
I feel very strong#2:1 I feel very strong Literally, “In the Lord my horn is lifted high.” The horn is a symbol of strength. in my God.
I laugh at my enemies.#2:1 I laugh at my enemies Literally, “My mouth is wide open over my enemies.”
I am very happy in my victory.
2There is no holy God like the Lord.
There is no God but you.
There is no Rock like our God.
3Don’t continue bragging.
Don’t speak proud words,
because the Lord God knows everything.
He leads and judges people.
4The bows of strong soldiers break,
and weak people become strong.
5People who had plenty of food in the past
must now work to get food.
But those who were hungry in the past
now grow fat on food.
The woman who was not able to have children
now has seven children.
But the woman who had many children
is sad because her children are gone.
6The Lord causes people to die,
and he causes them to live.
He sends people down to the grave,
and he can raise them up to live again.
7The Lord makes some poor,
and he makes others rich.
He humbles some people,
and he honors others.
8He raises the poor from the dust,
and he takes away their sadness.#2:8 he … sadness Literally, “he picks up the poor from the ashes.”
He makes them important
and seats them with princes and at the places for honored guests.
The Lord made the whole world,
and the whole world belongs to him.#2:8 The Lord made … to him Literally, “The whole world, even to its foundations, belongs to the Lord. He set the world on those pillars.”
9He protects his holy people.
He keeps them from stumbling.
But evil people will be destroyed.
They will fall in the darkness.
Their power won’t help them win.
10The Lord destroys his enemies.
God Most High will thunder in heaven against people.
The Lord will judge even the lands that are far away.
He will give power to his king.
He will make his chosen king#2:10 chosen king Literally, “anointed one.” strong.”
11Elkanah and his family went home to Ramah, but the boy stayed in Shiloh and served the Lord under Eli the priest.
Eli’s Evil Sons
12Eli’s sons were evil men who did not care about the Lord. 13They did not care about how priests were supposed to treat people. Whenever someone brings a sacrifice, priests are supposed to put the meat in a pot of boiling water. Then their servant is supposed to get the three-pronged fork 14and use it to get some meat out of the pot or kettle. The priest is supposed to take whatever his helper removes from the pot with the special fork. This is what the priests should have done for the Israelites who came to offer sacrifices at Shiloh. 15But that is not what the sons of Eli did. Even before the fat was burned on the altar, their servant would go to the people offering sacrifices and say, “Give the priest some meat to roast. The priest won’t accept boiled meat from you.”
16Maybe the man offering the sacrifice would say, “Burn the fat#2:16 Burn the fat The fat was the part of the animal that belonged only to God. It was supposed to be burned first as an offering to him. first, and then you can take whatever you want.” But the servant would answer: “No, give me the meat now. If you don’t give it to me, I’ll take it from you!”
17In this way Hophni and Phinehas showed that they did not respect the offerings made to the Lord. This was a terrible sin against the Lord.
18But Samuel served the Lord. He was a helper who wore the linen ephod. 19Every year Samuel’s mother made a robe for Samuel. She took the little robe to Samuel when she went up to Shiloh with her husband for the sacrifice every year.
20Eli would bless Elkanah and his wife. He would say, “May the Lord give you more children through Hannah who will take the place of the boy she prayed for and gave to the Lord.”
Elkanah and Hannah went home. 21The Lord was kind to Hannah, and she had three sons and two daughters. The boy Samuel grew up at the holy place near the Lord.
Eli Fails to Control His Evil Sons
22Eli was very old. He heard about the bad things his sons were doing to the Israelites at Shiloh and how his sons were having sexual relations with the women who served at the door of the Meeting Tent.
23Eli said to his sons, “The people here told me about the evil things you have done. Why are you doing such things? 24Sons, stop that! The Lord’S people are saying bad things about you. 25If you sin against other people, God might protect you. But who can help you if you sin against the Lord?”
Eli’s sons refused to listen to him, so the Lord decided to kill them.
26The boy Samuel kept growing. He was pleasing to the Lord and to the people.
The Terrible Prophecy About Eli’s Family
27A man of God came to Eli and said, “The Lord says, ‘I appeared to your ancestors#2:27 ancestors Literally, “father’s house.” See “ancestor” in the Word List. when they were slaves of Pharaoh. 28From all the tribes of Israel, I chose your tribe to be my priests. I chose them to offer sacrifices on my altar, to burn incense, and wear the ephod. I also let your tribe have the meat from the sacrifices that the Israelites give to me. 29So why don’t you respect these gifts and sacrifices? You honor your sons more than me. You become fat eating the best parts of the meat that the Israelites bring to me.’
30“The Lord, the God of Israel, promised that your father’s family would serve him forever. But now the Lord says, ‘That will never be! I will honor people who honor me, but bad things will happen to those who refuse to respect me. 31The time is coming when I will destroy all your descendants. No one in your family will live to be an old man. 32Good things will happen to Israel, but you will see bad things happening at home.#2:32 but you … at home These words are not in the ancient Greek version or the Hebrew scrolls from Qumran. No one in your family will live to be an old man. 33There is only one man I will save to serve as priest at my altar. He will live until his eyes wear out and his strength is gone. But all of your descendants will die by the sword.#2:33 by the sword This is found in the ancient Greek version and a Hebrew scroll from Qumran. The standard Hebrew text has “like men.” 34I will give you a sign to show that these things will come true. Your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, will die on the same day. 35I will choose a priest I can trust. This priest will listen to me and do what I want. I will make his family strong, and he will always serve before my chosen king.#2:35 chosen king Literally, “anointed one.” 36Then whoever is left in your family will come and bow down before this priest and beg for a little money or a piece of bread. They will say, “Please give me a job as priest so that I can have some food to eat.”’”