Other Sins That Need Sacrifices or Payments
1-3 # Nu 5.5-8. The Lord told Moses what the people must do when they commit other sins against the Lord:
You have sinned if you rob or cheat someone, if you keep back money or valuables left in your care, or if you find something and claim not to have it.
4When this happens, you must return what doesn't belong to you 5and pay the owner a fine of 20 percent. 6-7In addition, you must either bring to the priest a ram that has nothing wrong with it or else pay him for one. The priest will then offer it as a sacrifice to make things right, and you will be forgiven for what you did wrong.
(Exodus 29.38-43; Numbers 28.1-8)
8-9The Lord told Moses to tell Aaron and his sons how to offer the daily sacrifices that are sent up in smoke to please the Lord:#6.8,9 to please the Lord: See the note at 1.1-3.
You must put the animal for the sacrifice on the altar in the evening and let it stay there all night. But make sure the fire keeps burning. 10The next morning you will dress in your priestly clothes, including your linen underwear. Then clean away the ashes left by the sacrifices and pile them beside the altar. 11Change into your everyday clothes, take the ashes outside the camp, and pile them in the special place.#6.11 ashes … in the special place: See the note at 1.16.
12The fire must never go out, so put wood on it each morning. After this, you are to lay an animal on the altar next to the fat that you sacrifice to ask my blessing.#6.12 sacrifice to ask my blessing: See the note at 3.1. Then send it all up in smoke to me.
13The altar fire must always be kept burning—it must never go out.
Sacrifices To Give Thanks to the Lord
The Lord said:
14When someone offers a sacrifice to give thanks to me,#6.14 a sacrifice to give thanks to me: See the note at 2.1. the priests from Aaron's family must bring it to the front of the bronze altar, 15where one of them will scoop up a handful of the flour and oil, together with all the incense on it. Then, to show that the whole offering belongs to me, he will lay all of this on the altar and send it up in smoke with a smell that pleases me. 16-17The rest of it is to be baked without yeast and eaten by the priests in the sacred courtyard of the sacred tent. This bread is very holy, just like the sacrifices for sin or the sacrifices for making things right, and I have given this part to the priests from what is offered to me on the altar.
18Only the men in Aaron's family are allowed to eat this bread, and they must go through a ceremony to be made holy before touching it.#6.18 and they … touching it: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text. This law will never change.
When Priests Are Ordained
19The Lord spoke to Moses 20and told him what sacrifices the priests must offer on the morning and evening of the day they are ordained:
It is the same as the regular morning and evening sacrifices—half a kilogram of flour 21mixed with olive oil and cooked in a shallow pan. The bread must then be crumbled into small pieces#6.21 crumbled … pieces: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text. and sent up in smoke with a smell that pleases me. 22-23Each of Aaron's descendants who is ordained as a priest must perform this ceremony and make sure that the bread is completely burned on the altar. None of it may be eaten!
Sacrifices for Sin
24The Lord told Moses 25how the priests from Aaron's family were to offer the sacrifice for sin:
This sacrifice is very sacred, and the animal must be killed in my presence at the north side of the bronze altar. 26The priest who offers this sacrifice must eat it in the sacred courtyard of the sacred tent, 27and anyone or anything that touches the meat will be holy.#6.27 that touches … holy: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text. If any of the animal's blood is splattered on the clothes of the priest, they must be washed in a holy place. 28If the meat was cooked in a clay pot, the pot must be destroyed,#6.28 clay pot … destroyed: Juice from the meat cannot be completely cleaned from a clay pot. but if it was cooked in a bronze pot, the pot must be scrubbed and rinsed with water.
29This sacrifice is very holy, and only the priests may have any part of it. 30None of the meat may be eaten from the sacrifices for sin that require blood to be brought into the sacred tent.#6.30 that require blood … tent: See 4.1-21. These sacrifices must be completely burned.