Jesus Is Betrayed and Arrested
(Matthew 26.47-56; Mark 14.43-50; Luke 22.47-53)
1When Jesus had finished praying, he and his disciples crossed the Kidron Valley and went into a garden.#18.1 garden: The Greek word is usually translated “garden,” but probably referred to an olive orchard. 2Jesus had often met there with his disciples, and Judas knew where the place was.
3-5Judas had promised to betray Jesus. So he went to the garden with some Roman soldiers and temple police, who had been sent by the chief priests and the Pharisees. They carried torches, lanterns, and weapons. Jesus already knew everything that was going to happen, but he asked, “Who are you looking for?”
They answered, “We are looking for Jesus from Nazareth!”
Jesus told them, “I am Jesus!”#18.3-5 I am Jesus: The Greek text has “I am” (see the note at 8.24). 6At once they all backed away and fell to the ground.
7Jesus again asked, “Who are you looking for?”
“We are looking for Jesus from Nazareth,” they answered.
8This time Jesus replied, “I have already told you that I am Jesus. If I am the one you are looking for, let these others go. 9Then everything will happen, just as I said, ‘I did not lose anyone you gave me.’ ”
10Simon Peter had brought along a sword. He pulled it out and struck at Malchus, the servant of the high priest, cutting off his right ear. 11#Mt 26.39; Mk 14.35,36; Lk 22.42. Jesus told Peter, “Put your sword away. I must drink from the cup#18.11 drink from the cup: In the Scriptures a cup is sometimes used as a symbol of suffering. To “drink from the cup” is to suffer. that the Father has given me.”
Jesus Is Brought to Annas
(Matthew 26.57,58; Mark 14.53,54; Luke 22.54)
12The Roman officer and his men, together with the temple police, arrested Jesus and tied him up. 13They took him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year. 14#Jn 11.49,50. This was the same Caiaphas who had told the Jewish leaders, “It is better if one person dies for the people.”
Peter Says He Doesn't Know Jesus
(Matthew 26.69,70; Mark 14.66-68; Luke 22.55-57)
15Simon Peter and another disciple followed Jesus. That disciple knew the high priest, and he followed Jesus into the courtyard of the high priest's house. 16Peter stayed outside near the gate. But the other disciple came back out and spoke to the girl at the gate. She let Peter go in, 17but asked him, “Aren't you one of that man's followers?”
“No, I am not!” Peter answered.
18It was cold, and the servants and temple police had made a charcoal fire. They were warming themselves around it, when Peter went over and stood near the fire to warm himself.
Jesus Is Questioned by the High Priest
(Matthew 26.59-66; Mark 14.55-64; Luke 22.66-71)
19The high priest questioned Jesus about his followers and his teaching. 20But Jesus told him, “I have spoken freely in front of everyone. And I have always taught in our synagogues and in the temple, where all of our people come together. I have not said anything in secret. 21Why are you questioning me? Why don't you ask the people who heard me? They know what I have said.”
22As soon as Jesus said this, one of the temple police hit him and said, “That's no way to talk to the high priest!”
23Jesus answered, “If I have done something wrong, say so. But if not, why did you hit me?” 24Jesus was still tied up, and Annas sent him to Caiaphas the high priest.
Peter Again Denies that He Knows Jesus
(Matthew 26.71-75; Mark 14.69-72; Luke 22.58-62)
25While Simon Peter was standing there warming himself, someone asked him, “Aren't you one of Jesus' followers?”
Again Peter denied it and said, “No, I am not!”
26One of the high priest's servants was there. He was a relative of the servant whose ear Peter had cut off, and he asked, “Didn't I see you in the garden with that man?”
27Once more Peter denied it, and right then a rooster crowed.
Jesus Is Tried by Pilate
(Matthew 27.1,2,11-14; Mark 15.1-5; Luke 23.1-5)
28It was early in the morning when Jesus was taken from Caiaphas to the building where the Roman governor stayed. But the crowd waited outside. Any of them who had gone inside would have become unclean and would not be allowed to eat the Passover meal.#18.28 would have become unclean and would not be allowed to eat the Passover meal: Jewish people who came in close contact with foreigners right before Passover were not allowed to eat the Passover meal.
29Pilate came out and asked, “What charges are you bringing against this man?”
30 # 3 Macc 7.10. They answered, “He is a criminal! That's why we brought him to you.”
31Pilate told them, “Take him and judge him by your own laws.”
The crowd replied, “We are not allowed to put anyone to death.” 32#Jn 3.14; 12.32. And so what Jesus said about his death#18.32 about his death: Jesus had said that he would die by being “lifted up,” which meant that he would die on a cross. The Romans killed criminals by nailing them on a cross, but they did not let the Jews kill anyone in this way. would soon come true.
33Pilate then went back inside. He called Jesus over and asked, “Are you the king of the Jews?”
34Jesus answered, “Are you asking this on your own or did someone tell you about me?”
35“You know I'm not a Jew!” Pilate said. “Your own people and the chief priests brought you to me. What have you done?”
36Jesus answered, “My kingdom doesn't belong to this world. If it did, my followers would have fought to keep me from being handed over to our leaders. No, my kingdom doesn't belong to this world.”
37“So you are a king,” Pilate replied.
“You are saying that I am a king,” Jesus told him. “I was born into this world to tell about the truth. And everyone who belongs to the truth knows my voice.”
38Pilate asked Jesus, “What is truth?”
Jesus Is Sentenced to Death
(Matthew 27.15-31; Mark 15.6-20; Luke 23.13-25)
Pilate went back out and said, “I don't find this man guilty of anything! 39And since I usually set a prisoner free for you at Passover, would you like for me to set free the king of the Jews?”
40They shouted, “No, not him! We want Barabbas.” Now Barabbas was a terrorist.#18.40 terrorist: Someone who stirred up trouble against the Romans in the hope of gaining freedom for the Jewish people.