1Later, during the wheat harvest, Samson went to visit the young woman he thought was still his wife.#15.1 Samson went to visit … his wife: See the note at 8.31. He brought along a young goat as a gift and said to her father, “I want to go into my wife's bedroom.”
“You can't do that,” he replied. 2“When you left the way you did, I thought you were divorcing#15.2 divorcing: It was often very easy for a husband to divorce his wife. her. So I arranged for her to marry one of the young men who were at your party. But my younger daughter is even prettier, and you can have her as your wife.”
3“This time,” Samson answered, “I have a good reason for really hurting some Philistines.”
Samson Takes Revenge
4Samson went out and caught 300 foxes and tied them together in pairs with oil-soaked rags around their tails. 5Then Samson took the foxes into the Philistine wheat fields that were ready to be harvested. He set the rags on fire and let the foxes go. The wheat fields went up in flames, and so did the stacks of wheat that had already been cut. Even the Philistine vineyards and olive orchards burned.
6Some of the Philistines started asking around, “Who could have done such a thing?”
“It was Samson,” someone told them. “He married the daughter of that man in Timnah, but then the man gave Samson's wife to one of the men at the wedding.”
The Philistine leaders went to Timnah and burned to death Samson's wife and her father.#15.6 and her father: Most Hebrew manuscripts; many Hebrew manuscripts and two ancient translations “and her family.”
7When Samson found out what they had done, he went to them and said, “You killed them! And I won't rest until I get even with you.” 8Then Samson started hacking them to pieces with his sword.#15.8 hacking … sword: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text.
Samson left Philistia and went to live in the cave at Etam Rock. 9But it wasn't long before the Philistines invaded Judah#15.9 Judah: Samson belonged to the Dan tribe, but his hideout in the cave at Etam Rock was in Judah, a few kilometers southwest of Bethlehem. and set up a huge army camp at Jawbone.#15.9 Jawbone: Or “Lehi” (see verse 17).
10The people of Judah asked, “Why have you invaded our land?”
The Philistines answered, “We've come to get Samson. We're going to do the same things to him that he did to our people.”
11Three thousand men from Judah went to the cave at Etam Rock and said to Samson, “Don't you know that the Philistines rule us, and they will punish us for what you did?”
“I was only getting even with them,” Samson replied. “They did the same things to me first.”
12“We came here to tie you up and turn you over to them,” said the men of Judah.
“I won't put up a fight,” Samson answered, “but you have to promise not to hurt me yourselves.”
13-14“We promise,” the men said. “We will only tie you up and turn you over to the Philistines. We won't kill you.” Then they tied up his hands and arms with two brand-new ropes and led him away from Etam Rock.
When the Philistines saw that Samson was being brought to their camp at Jawbone, they started shouting and ran toward him. But the Lord's Spirit took control of Samson, and Samson broke the ropes, as though they were pieces of burnt cloth. 15Samson glanced around and spotted the jawbone of a donkey. The jawbone had not yet dried out, so it was still hard and heavy. Samson grabbed it and started hitting Philistines—he killed 1,000 of them! 16After the fighting was over, he made up this poem about what he had done to the Philistines:
I used a donkey's jawbone
to kill a thousand men;
I beat them with this jawbone
over and over again.#15.16 I beat … again: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text.
17Samson tossed the jawbone on the ground and decided to call the place Jawbone Hill.#15.17 Jawbone Hill: Or “Ramath-Lehi.” It is still called that today.
18Samson was so thirsty that he prayed, “Our Lord, you helped me win a battle against a whole army. Please don't let me die of thirst now. Those heathen Philistines will carry off my dead body.”
19Samson was tired and weary, but God sent water gushing from a rock.#15.19 God sent … a rock: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text. Samson drank some and felt strong again.
Samson named the place Caller Spring,#15.19 Caller Spring: Or “Enhakkore.” because he had called out to God for help. The spring is still there at Jawbone.
20Samson was a leader#15.20 leader: See 2.16 and the note there. of Israel for 20 years, but the Philistines were still the rulers of Israel.