March out of Egypt and through the sea
1These were the stages by which the Israelites marched when they left the land of Egypt, according to their military units under the leadership of Moses and Aaron. 2Moses recorded the points of departure for each stage of the march at the LORD’s command. These are the stages of their march according to their points of departure.
3They marched from Rameses on the fifteenth day of the first month.#March–April, Nisan On the day after the Passover the Israelites went out defiantly#Or with a high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians, 4while the Egyptians were burying their oldest males, whom the LORD had killed. The LORD also executed judgments against their gods. 5The Israelites marched from Rameses and they camped at Succoth. 6They marched from Succoth and camped at Etham on the edge of the desert. 7They marched from Etham and turned back to Pi-hahiroth, which faces Baal-zephon, and they camped before Migdol. 8They marched from Pi-hahiroth and they crossed through the sea toward the desert.
March through the southern desert
Then they traveled three days in the Etham desert and they camped at Marah.
9They marched from Marah and arrived at Elim. At Elim there were twelve springs of water and seventy palm trees and they camped there.
10They marched from Elim and camped by the Reed Sea.#Or Red Sea
11They marched from the Reed Sea and camped in the Sin desert.
12They marched from the Sin desert and camped at Dophkah.
13They marched from Dophkah and camped at Alush.
14They marched from Alush and camped at Rephidim, where there was no water for the people to drink.
15They marched from Rephidim and camped in the Sinai desert.
16They marched from the Sinai desert and camped at Kibroth-hattaavah.
17They marched from Kibroth-hattaavah and camped at Hazeroth.
18They marched from Hazeroth and camped at Rithmah.
19They marched from Rithmah and camped at Rimmon-perez.
20They marched from Rimmon-perez and camped at Libnah.
21They marched from Libnah and camped at Rissah.
22They marched from Rissah and camped at Kehelathah.
23They marched from Kehelathah and camped at Mount Shepher.
24They marched from Mount Shepher and camped at Haradah.
25They marched from Haradah and camped at Makheloth.
26They marched from Makheloth and camped at Tahath.
27They marched from Tahath and camped at Terah.
28They marched from Terah and camped at Mithkah.
29They marched from Mithkah and camped at Hashmonah.
30They marched from Hashmonah and camped at Moseroth.
31They marched from Moseroth and camped at Bene-jaakan.
32They marched from Bene-jaakan and camped at Hor-haggidgad.
33They marched from Hor-haggidgad and camped at Jotbathah.
34They marched from Jotbathah and camped at Abronah.
35They marched from Abronah and camped at Ezion-geber.
36They marched from Ezion-geber and camped in the Zin desert (that is, Kadesh).
March through the Transjordan region
37They marched from Kadesh and camped at Mount Hor, on the edge of the land of Edom. 38Aaron the priest ascended Mount Hor at the LORD’s command, and he died there in the fortieth year on the first day of the fifth month#July–August, probably Av after the Israelites left the land of Egypt. 39Aaron was 123 years old when he died on Mount Hor. 40The Canaanite king of Arad, who ruled in the arid southern plain in the land of Canaan, heard of the Israelites’ coming.
41They marched from Mount Hor and camped at Zalmonah.
42They marched from Zalmonah and camped at Punon.
43They marched from Punon and camped at Oboth.
44They marched from Oboth and camped at Iye-abarim in the territory of Moab.
45They marched from Iyim and camped at Dibon-gad.
46They marched from Dibon-gad and camped at Almon-diblathaim.
47They marched from Almon-diblathaim and camped in the Abarim mountains in front of Nebo.
48They marched from the Abarim mountains and camped in the plains of Moab by the Jordan across from Jericho.
49They camped by the Jordan from Beth-jeshimoth to Abel-shittim in the plains of Moab.
Divine instruction about the land
50The LORD spoke to Moses on the plains of Moab by the Jordan across from Jericho: 51Speak to the Israelites and say to them: When you cross the Jordan into the land of Canaan, 52you will drive out all the inhabitants of the land before you. You will destroy all their carved figures. You will also destroy all their cast images. You will eliminate all their shrines. 53You will take possession of the land and live in it, because I’ve given the land to you to possess. 54You will divide up the land by lot according to your clans. To the large you will make its inheritance large, and to the small you will make its inheritance small. To whomever the lot falls, that place will be his. You will inherit land according to your ancestral tribes. 55But if you don’t drive out the inhabitants of the land before you, then those you allow to remain will prick your eyes and be thorns in your side. They will harass you in the land in which you are living. 56Then what I intended to do to them, I’ll do to you.