Circumcision, the Sign of the Covenant
1Now it happened that when Abram was ninety-nine years old, Yahweh appeared to Abram and said to him,
“I am #17:1 Heb El ShaddaiGod Almighty;
Walk before Me and be #17:1 Or having integrity; lit complete, perfectblameless,
2so that I may #17:2 Lit giveconfirm My covenant between Me and you,
And that I may multiply you exceedingly.”
3Then Abram fell on his face, and God spoke with him, saying,
4“As for Me, behold, My covenant is with you,
And you will be the father of a multitude of nations.
5“And no longer shall your name be called #17:5 Lit exalted fatherAbram,
But your name shall be #17:5 Lit father of a multitudeAbraham;
For I have made you the father of a multitude of nations.
6And I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and I will make nations of you, and kings will go forth from you. 7And I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your seed after you throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your seed after you. 8And I will give to you and to your seed after you, the land of your sojournings, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.”
9God said further to Abraham, “Now as for you, you shall keep My covenant, you and your seed after you throughout their generations. 10This is My covenant, which you shall keep, between Me and you and your seed after you: every male among you shall be circumcised. 11And you shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskin, and it shall be the sign of the covenant between Me and you. 12And every male among you who is eight days old shall be circumcised throughout your generations, one who is born in the house or one who is bought with money from any foreigner, who is not of your seed. 13A servant who is born in your house or who is bought with your money shall surely be circumcised; thus shall My covenant be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant. 14But an uncircumcised male who is not circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin, that person shall be cut off from his people; he has broken My covenant.”
Sarah Will Bear Isaac
15Then God said to Abraham, “As for Sarai your wife, you shall not call her name Sarai, but #17:15 Lit princessSarah shall be her name. 16And I will bless her, and indeed I will give you a son by her. Then I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of peoples will #17:16 Lit become from her.” 17Then Abraham fell on his face and laughed and said in his heart, “Will a son be born to a man one hundred years old? And will Sarah, who is ninety years old, bear a son?” 18And Abraham said to God, “Oh that Ishmael might live before You!” 19But God said, “No, but Sarah your wife will bear you a son, and you shall call his name #17:19 Lit he laughsIsaac; and I will establish My covenant with him for an everlasting covenant for his seed after him. 20As for Ishmael, I have heard you; behold, I will bless him and will make him fruitful and will multiply him exceedingly. He shall #17:20 Lit beget twelve princesbecome the father of twelve princes, and I will make him a great nation. 21But My covenant I will establish with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you at this season next year.” 22So He finished talking with him, and God went up from Abraham.
23Then Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all who were born in his house and all who were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham’s household, and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the very same day, as God had spoken with him. 24Now Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 25And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 26In the very same day Abraham was circumcised, and Ishmael his son. 27Now all the men of his household, who were born in the house or bought with money from a foreigner, were circumcised with him.