1And you were dead in trespasses and sins,#See also Eph. 2:5 as well as Mat. 8:22; Rom. 8:6; Col. 2:13; 1Tim. 5:6; 1John 3:14; Rev. 3:1
2in which you once walked according to the course of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience,#See Eph. 5:6; Col. 3:6
3among whom also we all once lived in the lusts of our flesh, doing the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, as also the rest.
4But Elohim, who is rich in compassion, because of His great love with which He loved us,
5even when we were dead in trespasses, made us alive together with Messiah – by favour you have been saved –
6and raised us up together, and made us sit together in the heavenlies in Messiah יהושע,
7in order to show in the coming ages the exceeding riches of His favour in kindness toward us in Messiah יהושע.
8For by favour you have been saved, through belief, and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of Elohim,
9it is not by works, so that no one should boast.
10For we are His workmanship, created in Messiah יהושע unto good works, which Elohim prepared beforehand that we should walk in them.
11Therefore remember that you, once nations#See 1Cor. 12:2 in the flesh, who are called ‘the uncircumcision’ by what is called ‘the circumcision’ made in the flesh by hands,
12that at that time you were without Messiah, excluded from the citizenship of Yisra’ĕl and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no expectation and without Elohim in the world.
13But now in Messiah יהושע you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of the Messiah.
14For He is our peace, who has made both one, and having broken down the partition of the barrier,
15having abolished in His flesh the enmity#See Col. 2:14; Col. 2:20; Acts 11:1-3 – the torah of the commands in dogma – so as to create in Himself one renewed man from the two, thus making peace,
16and to completely restore to favour both of them unto Elohim in one body through the stake, having destroyed the enmity by it.
17And having come, He brought as Good News peace to you who were far off, and peace to those near.# Isa. 57:19
18Because through Him we both have access to the Father by one Spirit.
19So then you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens of the set-apart ones and members of the household of Elohim,#See Rom. 11:17-24; Isa. 14:1
20having been built upon the foundation of the emissaries and prophets, יהושע Messiah Himself being chief corner-stone,
21in whom all the building, being joined together, grows into a set-apart Dwelling Place in יהוה,
22in whom you also are being built together into a dwelling of Elohim in the Spirit.