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16
Samuel Anoints David
1Now Adonai said to Samuel, “How long will you grieve over Saul, since I have rejected him as king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil and go. I am sending you to Jesse the Beth-lehemite, for I have selected for Myself a king among his sons.”
2But Samuel replied, “How can I go? If Saul hears of it, he will kill me.” Adonai said, “Take a heifer with you and say: ‘I have come to sacrifice to Adonai.’
3Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will let you know what you are to do. You will anoint for Me whom I tell you.”
4So Samuel did what Adonai said and went to Beth-lehem. The elders of the town came out to meet him trembling, and asked, “Do you come in shalom?”
5“In shalom,” he said. “I have come to sacrifice to Adonai. Consecrate yourselves and come with me to the sacrifice.” He also consecrated Jesse and his sons and invited them to the sacrifice.
6Upon their arrival, he saw Eliab and thought, “Surely, Adonai’s anointed one is before Him.”
7But Adonai said to Samuel, “Do not look at his appearance or his stature, because I have already refused him. For He does not see a man as man sees, for man looks at the outward appearance, but Adonai looks into the heart.”
8Then Jesse called Abinadab and made him pass before Samuel. But he said, “Neither has Adonai chosen this one.”
9Then Jesse made Shammah pass by and again he said, “Neither has Adonai chosen this one.”
10Thus Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. But Samuel said to Jesse, “Adonai has not chosen any of these.”
11Then Samuel asked Jesse, “Are these all the boys you have?” “There’s still the youngest,” he replied. But right now, he’s tending the sheep.” “Send and bring him,” Samuel said to Jesse, “for we will not sit down until he comes here.”
12So he sent word and had him come. Now he was ruddy-cheeked, with beautiful eyes and a handsome appearance. Then Adonai said, “Arise, anoint him, for this is the one.”
13So Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers. From that day on Ruach Adonai came mightily upon David. Then Samuel rose up and went to Ramah.
David Soothes Saul’s Torment
14Now the Ruach Adonai had departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from Adonai terrified him.
15So Saul’s courtiers said to him, “Behold now, an evil spirit from God is tormenting you.
16Let our lord now command your courtiers in your service to search for a man who is a skillful player on the harp. Then whenever the evil spirit from God comes on you, he will play with his instrument and you will feel better.”
17So Saul said to his courtiers, “Find me someone who can play well and bring him to me.”
18One of the young men answered and said, “I have seen a son of Jesse the Beth-lehemite who is skillful in playing music. He is a mighty man of valor, a warrior, prudent in speech, a handsome man, and Adonai is with him.”
19So Saul sent messengers to Jesse and said, “Send me your son David, who is with the flock.”
20So Jesse took a donkey, loaded it with bread, a bottle of wine and a young goat, and sent them with his son David to Saul.
21Then David came to Saul and became one of his attendants. Saul loved him greatly, so David became his armor-bearer.
22Then Saul sent word to Jesse saying, “Let David now keep attending me, for he has found favor in my eyes.”
23It came to pass, whenever the spirit from God came upon Saul, David would take the harp and play it with his hand. So Saul would find relief and feel better, as the evil spirit departed from him.
16
Samuel Anoints David
1The Lord said to Samuel, “How long are you going to mourn for Saul, # 1Sm 15:35 since I have rejected him as king over Israel? # 1Sm 13:13-14; 15:23 Fill your horn with oil # 1Sm 9:16; 10:1; 2Kg 9:1 and go. I am sending you to Jesse of Bethlehem # Ru 4:17-22 because I have selected a king from his sons.”
2Samuel asked, “How can I go? Saul will hear about it and kill me! ”
The Lord answered, “Take a young cow with you and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the Lord.’ # 1Sm 20:29 3Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will let you know what you are to do. # Ex 4:15; Ac 9:6 You are to anoint for Me the one I indicate to you.” # Dt 17:14-15; 1Sm 9:16
4Samuel did what the Lord directed and went to Bethlehem. # Gn 48:7; Lk 2:4 When the elders of the town met him, they trembled # LXX reads were astonished and asked, “Do # DSS, LXX read Seer, do you come in peace? ” # 1Kg 2:13; 2Kg 9:22; 1Ch 12:17-18
5“In peace,” he replied. “I’ve come to sacrifice to the Lord. Consecrate yourselves # Gn 35:2; Ex 19:10 and come with me to the sacrifice.” # LXX reads and rejoice with me today Then he consecrated Jesse and his sons and invited them to the sacrifice. 6When they arrived, Samuel saw Eliab # 1Sm 17:13 and said, “Certainly the Lord’s anointed one is here before Him.”
7But the Lord said to Samuel, “Do not look at his appearance or his stature, because I have rejected him. Man does not see what the Lord sees, # LXX reads God does not see as a man sees for man sees what is visible, # Lit what is of the eyes but the Lord sees the heart.” # 1Kg 8:39; Jr 17:10; Lk 16:15; Jn 2:24-25
8Jesse called Abinadab # 1Sm 17:13 and presented him to Samuel. “The Lord hasn’t chosen this one either,” Samuel said. 9Then Jesse presented Shammah, # 1Sm 17:13 but Samuel said, “The Lord hasn’t chosen this one either.” 10After Jesse presented seven of his sons to him, Samuel told Jesse, “The Lord hasn’t chosen any of these.” 11Samuel asked him, “Are these all the sons you have? ”
“There is still the youngest,” # 1Sm 17:12; 2Sm 13:3 he answered, “but right now he’s tending the sheep.” Samuel told Jesse, “Send for him. We won’t sit down to eat until he gets here.” 12So Jesse sent for him. He had beautiful eyes and a healthy, # Or ruddy handsome appearance. # 1Sm 17:42
Then the Lord said, “Anoint him, for he is the one.” # 1Sm 9:17 13So Samuel took the horn of oil, anointed him # 1Sm 10:1 in the presence of his brothers, and the Spirit of the Lord took control of David from that day forward. # Ps 51:10-12; Ezk 36:27; Ac 2:1-17 Then Samuel set out and went to Ramah.
David in Saul’s Court
14Now the Spirit of the Lord had left Saul, # 1Sm 11:6; 18:12; 28:15 and an evil spirit sent from the Lord began to torment him, 15so Saul’s servants said to him, “You see that an evil spirit from God is tormenting you. 16Let our lord command your servants here in your presence to look for someone who knows how to play the lyre. Whenever the evil spirit from God troubles you, that person can play the lyre, and you will feel better.” # 1Sm 18:10; 19:9; 2Kg 3:15
17Then Saul commanded his servants, “Find me someone who plays well and bring him to me.”
18One of the young men answered, “I have seen a son of Jesse of Bethlehem who knows how to play the lyre. He is also a valiant man, # 1Sm 17:32-36 a warrior, eloquent, handsome, and the Lord is with him.” # 1Sm 3:19; 18:12-14
19Then Saul dispatched messengers to Jesse and said, “Send me your son David, who is with the sheep.” 20So Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a skin of wine, and one young goat and sent them by his son David to Saul. # 1Sm 10:4,27; Pr 18:16 21When David came to Saul # Gn 41:46; Pr 22:29 and entered his service, Saul admired him greatly, and David became his armor-bearer. 22Then Saul sent word to Jesse: “Let David remain in my service, for I am pleased with him.” 23Whenever the spirit from God troubled Saul, # 1Sm 16:14-16 David would pick up his lyre and play, and Saul would then be relieved, feel better, and the evil spirit would leave him.