Twelve Men Are Sent into Canaan
1The Lord said to Moses, 2“Choose a leader from each tribe and send them into Canaan to explore the land I am giving you.”
3So Moses sent twelve tribal leaders from Israel's camp in the Paran Desert 4-16with orders to explore the land of Canaan. And here are their names:
Shammua son of Zaccur
Shaphat son of Hori
Caleb son of Jephunneh
Igal son of Joseph
Joshua son of Nun
from Ephraim,#13.4-16 Joshua … Ephraim: Hebrew “Hoshea son of Nun from Ephraim; Moses renamed him Joshua.”
Palti son of Raphu
Gaddiel son of Sodi
Gaddi son of Susi
Ammiel son of Gemalli
Sethur son of Michael
Nahbi son of Vophsi
and Geuel son of Machi
17Before Moses sent them into Canaan, he said:
After you go through the Southern Desert of Canaan, continue north into the hill country 18and find out what those regions are like. Be sure to remember how many people live there, how strong they are, 19-20and if they live in open towns or walled cities. See if the land is good for growing crops and find out what kinds of trees grow there. It's time for grapes to ripen, so try to bring back some of the fruit that grows there.
21The twelve men left to explore Canaan from the Zin Desert in the south all the way to the town of Rehob near Lebo-Hamath in the north. 22As they went through the Southern Desert, they came to the town of Hebron, which was seven years older than the Egyptian town of Zoan. In Hebron, they saw the three Anakim#13.22 Anakim: Perhaps a group of very large people (see Deuteronomy 2.10,11, 20,21). clans of Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai. 23-24When they got to Bunch Valley,#13.23,24 Bunch Valley: Or “Eshcol Valley.” they cut off a branch with such a huge bunch of grapes, that it took two men to carry it on a pole. That's why the place was called Bunch Valley. Along with the grapes, they also took back pomegranates#13.23,24 pomegranates: A bright red fruit that looks like an apple. and figs.
The Men Report Back to the People
25After exploring the land of Canaan for 40 days, 26the twelve men returned to Kadesh in the Paran Desert and told Moses, Aaron, and the people what they had seen. They showed them the fruit 27and said:
Look at this fruit! The land we explored is rich with milk and honey. 28But the people who live there are strong, and their cities are large and walled. We even saw the three Anakim#13.28 Anakim: See the note at 13.22. clans. 29Besides that, the Amalekites live in the Southern Desert; the Hittites, Jebusites, and Amorites are in the hill country; and the Canaanites#13.29 Amalekites … Hittites … Jebusites … Amorites … Canaanites: These people lived in Canaan before the Israelites. live along the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River.
30Caleb calmed down the crowd and said, “Let's go and take the land. I know we can do it!”
31But the other men replied, “Those people are much too strong for us.” 32Then they started spreading rumors and saying, “We won't be able to grow anything in that soil. And the people are like giants. 33#Gn 6.4. In fact, we saw the Nephilim who are the ancestors of the Anakim. They were so big that we felt as small as grasshoppers.”