The First Offering on the New Altar
1During the seventh month#3.1 seventh month: Tishri (also called Ethanim), the seventh month of the Hebrew calendar, from about mid-September to mid-October. of the year, the Israelites who had settled in their towns went to Jerusalem. 2#Ex 27.1. The priest Joshua son of Jozadak, together with the other priests, and Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel and his relatives rebuilt the altar of Israel's God. Then they were able to offer sacrifices there by following the instructions God had given to Moses, the man of God. 3#Nu 28.1-8. And they built the altar where it had stood before,#3.3 where it had stood before: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text. even though they were afraid of the people who were already living around there. Then every morning and evening they burned sacrifices and offerings to the Lord.
4 # Nu 29.12-38. The people followed the rules for celebrating the Festival of Shelters and offered the proper sacrifices each day. 5#Nu 28.11—29.39. They offered sacrifices to please the Lord,#3.5 sacrifices to please the Lord: In traditional translations these sacrifices are usually called “whole burnt offerings” (see Leviticus 1.1-16). sacrifices at each New Moon Festival, and sacrifices at the rest of the Lord's festivals. Every offering the people had brought voluntarily was also presented to the Lord.
6Although work on the temple itself had not yet begun, the people started offering sacrifices on the Lord's altar on the first day of the seventh month of that year.
The Rebuilding of the Temple Begins
7King Cyrus of Persia had said the Israelites could have cedar trees brought from Lebanon to Joppa by sea. So they sent grain, wine, and olive oil to the cities of Tyre and Sidon as payment for these trees, and they gave money to the stoneworkers and carpenters.
8During the second month#3.8 second month: Ziv, the second month of the Hebrew calendar, from about mid-April to mid-May. of the second year after the people had returned from Babylonia, they started rebuilding the Lord's temple. Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, Joshua son of Jozadak, the priests, the Levites, and everyone else who had returned started working. Every Levite over 20 years of age was put in charge of some part of the work. 9The Levites in charge of the whole project were Joshua and his sons and relatives and Kadmiel and his sons from the family of Hodaviah.#3.9 Hodaviah: Or “Yehudah” or “Hodiah.” The family of Henadad worked along with them.
10 # 1 Ch 25.1. When the builders had finished laying the foundation of the temple, the priests put on their robes and blew trumpets in honor of the Lord, while the Levites from the family of Asaph praised God with cymbals. All of them followed the instructions given years before by King David.#3.10 King David: Ruled from about 1010 to 970 b.c. 11#1 Ch 16.34; 2 Ch 5.11-13; 7.3; Ps 100.5; 106.1; 107.1; 118.1; 136.1; Jr 33.11; 3 Macc 6.32. They praised the Lord and gave thanks as they took turns singing:
“The Lord is good!
His faithful love for Israel
will last forever.”
Everyone started shouting and praising the Lord because work on the foundation of the temple had begun. 12#Tb 14.5. Many of the older priests and Levites and the heads of families wept bitterly because they remembered seeing the first temple years before. But others were so happy that they celebrated with joyful shouts. 13Their shouting and crying were so noisy that it all sounded alike and could be heard a long way off.