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Various laws and sacrifices for Israel's festivals
Regular daily sacrifices
(Exodus 29.38-43; Leviticus 6.8-13)
1The LORD told Moses 2to say to the people of Israel:
Offer sacrifices to me at the appointed times of worship, so that I will smell the smoke and be pleased.
3Each day offer two rams a year old as sacrifices to please me.#28.3 sacrifices to please me: See the note at 6.11. The animals must have nothing wrong with them; 4one will be sacrificed in the morning, and the other in the evening. 5Along with each of them, one kilogramme of your finest flour mixed with a litre of olive oil must be offered as a grain sacrifice. 6This sacrifice to please me was first offered on Mount Sinai. 7Finally, along with each of these two sacrifices, a litre of wine must be poured on the altar as a drink offering. 8The second ram will be sacrificed that evening, along with the other offerings, just like the one sacrificed that morning. The smell of the smoke from these sacrifices will please me.
The sacrifice on the Sabbath
The LORD said:
9-10On the Sabbath, in addition to the regular daily sacrifices,#28.9,10 regular daily sacrifices: See 28.1-8. you must sacrifice two rams a year old to please me.#28.9,10 sacrifice…to please me: See the note at 6.11. These rams must have nothing wrong with them, and they will be sacrificed with a drink offering and two kilogrammes of your finest flour mixed with olive oil.
The sacrifices on the first day of the month
The LORD said:
11On the first day of each month, bring to the altar two bulls, one full-grown ram, and seven rams a year old that have nothing wrong with them. Then offer these as sacrifices to please me.#28.11 sacrifices to please me: See the note at 6.11. 12Three kilogrammes of your finest flour mixed with olive oil must be offered with each bull as a grain sacrifice. Two kilogrammes of flour mixed with oil must be offered with the ram, 13and one kilogramme of flour mixed with oil must be offered with each of the young rams. The smell of the smoke from these sacrifices will please me.
14-15Offer two litres of wine as a drink offering with each bull, one and a half litres with the ram, and one litre with each of the young rams.
Finally, you must offer a goat#28.14,15 goat: See the note at 7.12-83. as a sacrifice for sin.
These sacrifices are to be offered on the first day of each month, in addition to the regular daily sacrifices.#28.14,15 regular daily sacrifices: See 28.1-8.
The sacrifices during Passover and the Festival of Thin Bread
(Leviticus 23.4-8)
The LORD said:
16Celebrate Passover in honour of me on the fourteenth day of the first month#28.16 first month: See the note at 9.3. of each year.#Ex 12.1-13; Dt 16.1,2. 17The following day will begin the Festival of Thin Bread, which will last for a week. During this time you must honour me by eating bread made without yeast.#Ex 12.14-20; 23.15; 34.18; Dt 16.3-8.
18On the first day of this festival, you must rest from your work and come together for worship. 19Bring to the altar two bulls, one full-grown ram, and seven rams a year old that have nothing wrong with them. And then offer these as sacrifices to please me.#28.19 sacrifices to please me: See the note at 6.11. 20Three kilogrammes of your finest flour mixed with olive oil must be offered with each bull as a grain sacrifice. Two kilogrammes of flour mixed with oil must be offered with the ram, 21and one kilogramme of flour mixed with oil must be offered with each of the young rams. 22Also offer a goat#28.22 goat: See the note at 7.12-83. as a sacrifice for the sins of the people. 23-24All of these are to be offered in addition to the regular daily sacrifices,#28.23,24 regular daily sacrifices: See 28.1-8. and the smoke from them will please me. 25Then on the last day of the festival, you must once again rest from work and come together for worship.
The sacrifices during the Harvest Festival
(Leviticus 23.15-22)
The LORD said:
26On the first day of the Harvest Festival, you must rest from your work, come together for worship, and bring a sacrifice of new grain.#Ex 23.16; 34.22; Dt 16.9-12. 27Offer two young bulls, one full-grown ram, and seven rams a year old as sacrifices to please me.#28.27 sacrifices to please me: See the note at 6.11. 28Three kilogrammes of your finest flour mixed with olive oil must be offered with each bull as a grain sacrifice. Two kilogrammes of flour mixed with oil must be offered with the ram, 29and one kilogramme of flour mixed with oil must be offered with each of the young rams. 30Also offer a goat#28.30 goat: See the note at 7.12-83. as a sacrifice for sin. 31The animals must have nothing wrong with them and are to be sacrificed along with the regular daily sacrifices.#28.31 regular daily sacrifices: See 28.1-8.