Jeremiah accuses Hananiah of being a false prophet
1Later that same year, in the fifth month of the fourth year that Zedekiah#28.1 Zedekiah: See the note at 1.3. was king,#28.1 Later…king: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text. the prophet Hananiah son of Azzur from Gibeon came up to me in the temple. And while the priests and others in the temple were listening,#2 K 24.18-20; 2 Ch 36.11-13. 2he told me that the LORD had said:
I am the LORD All-Powerful, the God of Israel, and I will smash the yoke#28.2 yoke: See the note at 27.1,2. that Nebuchadnezzar#28.2 Nebuchadnezzar: See the note at 21.2. put on the necks of the nations to make them his slaves. 3And within two years, I will bring back to Jerusalem everything that he took from my temple and carried off to Babylonia. 4King Jehoiachin#28.4 Jehoiachin: Hebrew “Jeconiah” (see the note at 24.1). and the other people who were taken from Judah to Babylonia will be allowed to come back here as well. All this will happen because I will smash the power of the king of Babylonia!
5The priests and the others were still standing there, so I said:
6Hananiah, I hope the LORD will do exactly what you said. I hope he does bring back everything the Babylonians took from the temple, and that our people who were taken to Babylonia will be allowed to return home. 7But let me remind you and everyone else 8that long before we were born, prophets were saying powerful kingdoms would be struck by war, disaster, and disease. 9Now you are saying we will have peace. We will just have to wait and see if that is really what the LORD has said.#28.9 We will…said: See Deuteronomy 18.21,22.
10Hananiah grabbed the wooden yoke from my neck and smashed it. 11Then he said, “The LORD says this is the way he will smash the power Nebuchadnezzar has over the nations, and it will happen in less than two years.”
I left the temple, 12and a little while later, the LORD told me 13-14to go back and say to Hananiah:
I am the LORD All-Powerful, the God of Israel. You smashed a wooden yoke, but I will replace it with one made of iron. I will put iron yokes on all the nations, and they will have to do what King Nebuchadnezzar commands. I will even let him rule the wild animals.
15-16Hananiah, I have never sent you to speak for me. And yet you have talked my people into believing your lies and rebelling against me. So now I will send you—I'll send you right off the face of the earth! You will die before this year is over.
17Two months later, Hananiah died.