It is senseless to be selfish
1I said to myself, “Have fun and enjoy yourself!” But this didn't make sense. 2Laughing and having fun is mad. What good does it do? 3I wanted to find out what was best for us during the short time we have on this earth. So I decided to make myself happy with wine and find out what it means to be foolish, without really being foolish myself.
4I did some great things. I built houses and planted vineyards.#1 K 10.23-27; 2 Ch 9.22-27. 5I had flower gardens and orchards full of fruit trees. 6And I had pools where I could get water for the trees. 7I owned slaves, and their sons and daughters became my slaves. I had more sheep and goats than anyone who had ever lived in Jerusalem.#1 K 4.23. 8Foreign rulers brought me silver, gold, and precious treasures. Men and women sang for me, and I had many wives#2.8 many wives: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text. who gave me great pleasure.#1 K 10.10,14-22.
9I was the most famous person who had ever lived in Jerusalem, and I was very wise.#1 Ch 29.25. 10I got whatever I wanted and did whatever made me happy. But most of all, I enjoyed my work. 11Then I thought about everything I had done, including the hard work, and it was simply chasing the wind.#2.11 chasing the wind: See the note at 1.14. Nothing on earth is worth the trouble.
Wisdom makes sense
12I asked myself, “What can the next king do that I haven't done?” Then I decided to compare wisdom with foolishness and stupidity. 13And I discovered that wisdom is better than foolishness, just as light is better than darkness. 14Wisdom is like having two good eyes; foolishness leaves you in the dark. But wise or foolish, we all end up the same.
15Finally, I said to myself, “Being wise got me nowhere! The same thing will happen to me that happens to fools. Nothing makes sense. 16Wise or foolish, we all die and are soon forgotten.” 17This made me hate life. Everything we do is painful; it's just as senseless as chasing the wind.#2.17 chasing the wind: See the note at 1.14.
18Suddenly I realized that others would some day get everything I had worked so hard for, then I started hating it all. 19Who knows if those people will be sensible or stupid? Either way, they will own everything I have earned by hard work and wisdom. It doesn't make sense.
20I thought about all my hard work, and I felt depressed. 21When we use our wisdom, knowledge, and skill to get what we own, why do we have to leave it to someone who didn't work for it? This is senseless and wrong. 22What do we really gain from all our hard work? 23Our bodies ache during the day, and work is torture. Then at night our thoughts are troubled. It just doesn't make sense.#Job 5.7; 14.1.
24The best thing we can do is to enjoy eating, drinking, and working.#2.24 The best…working: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text. I believe these are God's gifts to us,#Ec 3.13; 5.18; 9.7; Is 56.12; Lk 12.19; 1 Co 15.32. 25and no one enjoys eating and living more than I do. 26If we please God, he will make us wise, understanding, and happy. But if we sin, God will make us struggle for a living, then he will give all we own to someone who pleases him. This makes no more sense than chasing the wind.#2.26 chasing the wind: See the note at 1.14.#Job 32.8; Pr 2.6.