David, king of all Israel
David becomes king of Israel
(1 Chronicles 11.1-3)
1Israel's leaders met with David at Hebron and said, “We are your relatives. 2Even when Saul was king, you led our nation in battle. And the LORD promised that some day you would rule Israel and take care of us like a shepherd.”
3During the meeting, David made an agreement with the leaders and asked the LORD to be their witness. Then the leaders poured olive oil on David's head to show that he was now the king of Israel.
4David was thirty years old when he became king, and he ruled for forty years.#1 K 2.11; 1 Ch 3.4; 29.27. 5He lived in Hebron for the first seven and a half years and ruled only Judah. Then he moved to Jerusalem, where he ruled both Israel and Judah for thirty-three years.
How David captured Jerusalem
(1 Chronicles 11.4-9; 14.1-2)
6The Jebusites lived in Jerusalem, and David led his army there to attack them. The Jebusites did not think he could get in, so they told him, “You can't get in here! We could drive you away, even if we couldn't see or walk!”#Js 15.63; Jg 1.21.
7-9David told his troops, “You will have to go up through the water tunnel to get those Jebusites. I hate people like them who can't walk or see.”#5.7-9 You will…or see: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text.
That's why there is still a rule that says, “Only people who can walk and see are allowed in the temple.”#5.7-9 temple: Or “palace”.
David captured the fortress on Mount Zion, then he moved there and named it David's City. He had the city rebuilt, starting with the landfill to the east. 10David became a great and strong ruler, because the LORD All-Powerful was on his side.
11King Hiram of Tyre sent some officials to David. Carpenters and stone workers came with them, and they brought cedar logs so they could build David a palace.
12David knew that the LORD had made him king of Israel and that he had made him a powerful ruler for the good of his people.
David's sons born in Jerusalem
(1 Chronicles 14.3-7)
13After David left Hebron and moved to Jerusalem, he married many women#5.13 married many women: Some of these women were second-class wives (see the note at 3.7). from Jerusalem,#5.13 from Jerusalem: Or “in Jerusalem”. and he had a lot of children. 14His sons who were born there were Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon, 15Ibhar, Elishua, Nepheg, Japhia, 16Elishama, Eliada,#5.16 Eliada: See 1 Chronicles 3.8. 1 Chronicles 14.7 has “Baalyada”. and Eliphelet.
David fights the Philistines
(1 Chronicles 14.8-17)
17The Philistines heard that David was now king of Israel, and they came into the hill country to try and capture him. But David found out and went into his fortress.#5.17 fortress: Probably the fortress of Adullam, which was David's former hideout (see 1 Samuel 22.1,4; 24.22). Or it could refer to the older walled city of Jerusalem, called the “fortress on Mount Zion” in verses 7-9. 18So the Philistines camped in Rephaim Valley.#5.18 Rephaim Valley: A few kilometres south-west of Jerusalem.
19David asked the LORD, “Should I attack the Philistines? Will you let me win?”
The LORD told David, “Attack! I will let you win.”
20David attacked the Philistines and defeated them. Then he said, “I watched the LORD break through my enemies like a mighty flood.” So he named the place “The Lord Broke Through”.#5.20 The Lord Broke Through: Or “Baal-Perazim”. 21David and his troops also carried away the idols that the Philistines had left behind.
22Some time later, the Philistines came back into the hill country and camped in Rephaim Valley. 23David asked the LORD what he should do, and the LORD answered:
Don't attack them from the front. Circle around behind and attack from among the balsam#5.23 balsam: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text. trees. 24Wait until you hear a sound like troops marching through the tops of the trees. Then attack quickly! That sound will mean I have marched out ahead of you to fight the Philistine army.
25David obeyed the LORD and defeated the Philistines. He even chased them all the way from Geba to the entrance to Gezer.