1God, who in the past spoke to our forefathers through the prophets at various times and in many ways, 2has in these last days spoken to us through his Son. God appointed the Son heir of everything, and made the universe through him. 3The Son is the radiant glory of God, and the visible expression of his true character. He sustains everything by his powerful command. When he had provided cleansing for sin he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty in heaven. 4He was placed much higher than the angels since he received a greater name than them. 5God never said to any angel, “You are my Son; today I have become your Father,” or “I will be a Father to him, and he will be a Son to me.”#1:5. Hebrews is full of Old Testament quotations and allusions, some of which are not quoted exactly or are given in summary form. It is therefore difficult at times to identify the exact source or sources, and to avoid burdening the text with too many footnotes Old Testament quotes will not usually be given here.
6Also, when he brought his firstborn#1:6. “Firstborn”: this term is not to be taken that there was a time when Jesus did not exist; it is used to identify rank rather than chronology. Son into the world, he said, “Let all God's angels worship him.” 7Regarding the angels, he says, “He makes his angels winds, and his servants flames of fire,” 8but about the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, lasts forever and ever, and justice is the ruling scepter of your kingdom. 9You love what is right, and hate what is lawless. That is why God, your God, has placed you above everyone else by anointing#1:9. The ancient practice of pouring oil over the head of a person was to indicate they were being chosen for a specific position, a high honor. you with the oil of joy.”
10“You, Lord, laid the foundations of the earth in the beginning. The heavens are the product of your hands. 11They will come to an end, but you will continue. They will wear out like clothes do, 12and you will roll them up like a cloak. Like clothes, they will be changed, but you never change, and your life never ends.”#1:12. Literally, “your years never fail.” 13But he never said to any angel, “Sit at my right hand until I place your enemies in subjection under your feet.” 14What are the angels? They are beings that serve, sent out to help those who will receive salvation.