1At one time you were dead in your sins and evil actions, 2living your lives according to the ways of the world, under the control of the devil,#2:2. Literally, “the ruler of the power of the air.” whose spirit is at work in those who disobey God. 3All of us were once like that, our behavior determined by the desires of our sinful human nature and our evil way of thinking. Like everyone else, in our nature we were children of anger.#2:3. The Greek literally says “Children in nature of anger.” Following the previous thought about human nature, this could mean we are “naturally angry” or rebellious towards God. Alternatively, this could be viewed that we are the object of divine anger, though God is not specifically mentioned here.
4But God in his generous mercy, because of the amazing love he had for us 5even while we were dead in our sins, has made us alive together with Christ. Trusting in him has saved you! 6He raised us up with Christ, and in Christ Jesus seated us with him in heaven, 7so that in all eternity to come he could demonstrate the amazing extent of his grace in showing us kindness through Christ Jesus. 8For you’ve been saved by grace through trusting in him—it’s not through yourselves, it’s the gift of God! 9This has nothing to do with human effort, so don’t be proud of yourselves. 10We’re the product of what God does, created in Christ Jesus to do good, which God already planned that we should do.
11So you who are “foreigners” humanly-speaking, called “uncircumcised” by those who are “circumcised”#2:11. That is, the Jews (circumcised) and the Gentiles (uncircumcised). (which is only a procedure carried out by human beings), you need to remember 12that once you had no relationship to Christ. You were barred as foreigners from being citizens of Israel, strangers to the covenant God had promised. You had no hope and you lived in the world without God. 13But now, in Christ Jesus, you who were once a long way off have been brought near by the blood of Christ.
14Christ is our peace. Through his body#2:14. From the context it appears that Paul is referring here to Jesus’ crucifixion. he made the two into one, and broke down the separating wall of hostility that divided us, 15freeing us from the law with its requirements and regulations. He did this so he could create in himself one new person out of the two and so make peace, 16and completely reconcile both of them to God through the cross as if they were just one body, having destroyed our hostility towards each other.
17He came and shared the good news of peace with those of you who were far away, and those who were nearby, 18because through him we both gain access to the Father through the same Spirit. 19That means you’re no longer strangers and foreigners; you are fellow citizens of God’s people and belong to God’s family 20that’s being built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Christ Jesus as the cornerstone. 21In him the whole building is joined together, growing to form a holy temple for the Lord. 22You too are being built together in him as a place for God to live by the Spirit.