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Head Coverings
1I want you to pattern your lives after me, just as I pattern mine after Christ. 2And I give you full credit for always keeping me in mind as you follow carefully the substance of my instructions that I’ve taught you. 3But I want you to understand that Christ is the source of every human alive, and Adam was the source of Eve, and God is the source of the Messiah.
4Any man who leads public worship, and prays or prophesies with a shawl hanging down over his head, shows disrespect to his head, which is Christ. 5And if any woman in a place of leadership within the church prays or prophesies in public with her long hair disheveled, she shows disrespect to her head, which is her husband, for this would be the same as having her head shaved. 6If a woman who wants to be in leadership will not conform to the customs of what is proper for women, she might as well cut off her hair. But if it’s disgraceful for her to have her hair cut off or her head shaved, let her cover her head.
7A man in leadership is under no obligation to have his head covered in the public gatherings, because he is the portrait of God and reflects his glory. The woman, on the other hand, reflects the glory of her husband, 8for man was not created from woman but woman from man. 9By the same token, the man was not created because the woman needed him; the woman was created because the man needed her. 10For this reason she should have authority over the head because of the angels.
11So then, I have to insist that in the Lord, neither is woman inferior to man nor is man inferior to woman. 12For just as woman was taken from the side of man, in the same way man is taken from the womb of woman. God, as the source of all things, designed it this way.
13So then you can decide for yourselves—is it proper for a woman to pray to God with her hair unbound? 14Doesn’t our long-established cultural tradition teach us that if a man has long hair that is ornamentally arranged it invites disgrace, but if a woman has long hair that is ornamentally arranged it is her glory? 15This is because long hair is the endowment that God has given her as a head covering.
16If someone wants to quarrel about this, I want you to know that we have no intention to start an argument, neither I nor the congregations of God.
The Lord’s Table
17Now, on this next matter, I wish I could commend you, but I cannot, because when you meet together as a church family it is doing more harm than good! 18I’ve been told many times that when you meet as a congregation, divisions and cliques emerge—and to some extent, this doesn’t surprise me. 19Differences of opinion are unavoidable, yet they will reveal which ones among you truly have God’s approval.
20When all of your house churches gather as one church family, you are not really properly celebrating the Lord’s Supper. 21For when it comes time to eat, some gobble down their food before anything is given to others—one is left hungry while others become drunk! 22Don’t you all have homes where you can eat and drink? Don’t you realize that you’re showing a superior attitude by humiliating those who have nothing? Are you trying to show contempt for God’s beloved church? How should I address this appropriately? If you’re looking for my approval, you won’t find it!
23I have handed down to you what came to me by direct revelation from the Lord himself. The same night in which he was handed over, he took bread 24and gave thanks. Then he distributed it to the disciples and said, “Take it and eat your fill. It is my body, which is given for you. Do this to remember me.” 25He did the same with the cup of wine after supper and said, “This cup seals the new covenant with my blood. Drink it—and whenever you drink this, do it to remember me.”
26Whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you are retelling the story, proclaiming our Lord’s death until he comes. 27For this reason, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in the wrong spirit will be guilty of dishonoring the body and blood of the Lord. 28So let each individual first evaluate his own attitude and only then eat the bread and drink the cup. 29For continually eating and drinking with a wrong spirit will bring judgment upon yourself by not recognizing the body. 30This insensitivity is why many of you are weak, chronically ill, and some even dying. 31If you do not sit in judgment of others, you will avoid judgment yourself. 32But when we are judged, it is the Lord’s training so that we will not be condemned along with the world.
33So then, my fellow believers, when you assemble as one to share a meal, show respect for one another and wait for all to be served. 34If you are that hungry, eat at home first, so that when you gather together you will not bring judgment upon yourself.
When I come to you, I will answer the other questions you asked me in your letter.
1Follow my example, just as I follow the example of Christ.
Being Under Authority
2I praise you because you remember me in all things. You follow closely the teachings I gave you. 3But I want you to understand this: The head of every man is Christ. And the head of a woman is the man.#11:3 the man This could also mean “her husband.” And the head of Christ is God.
4Every man who prophesies or prays with his head covered brings shame to his head. 5But every woman who prays or prophesies should have her head covered. If her head is not covered, she brings shame to her head. Then she is the same as a woman who has her head shaved. 6If a woman does not cover her head, it is the same as cutting off all her hair. But it is shameful for a woman to cut off her hair or to shave her head. So she should cover her head.
7But a man should not cover his head, because he is made like God and is God’s glory. But woman is man’s glory. 8Man did not come from woman. Woman came from man. 9And man was not made for woman. Woman was made for man. 10So that is why a woman should have her head covered with something that shows she is under authority.#11:10 have her head … authority Literally, “have authority on her head.” This could also be translated, “keep control of her head,” meaning “do what will keep people from misunderstanding her uncovered head.” Also, she should do this because of the angels.
11But in the Lord the woman needs the man, and the man needs the woman. 12This is true because woman came from man, but also man is born from woman. Really, everything comes from God.
13Decide this for yourselves: Is it right for a woman to pray to God without something on her head? 14Even nature itself teaches you that wearing long hair is shameful for a man. 15But wearing long hair is a woman’s honor. Long hair is given to the woman to cover her head. 16Some people may still want to argue about this. But we and the churches of God don’t accept what those people are doing.
The Lord’s Supper
17In the things I tell you now I don’t praise you. Your meetings hurt you more than they help you. 18First, I hear that when you meet together as a church you are divided. And this is not hard to believe 19because of your idea that you must have separate groups to show who the real believers are!
20When you all come together, it is not really the Lord’s Supper#11:20 Lord’s Supper The special meal Jesus told his followers to eat to remember him. See Lk. 22:14-20. you are eating. 21I say this because when you eat, each one eats without waiting for the others. Some people don’t get enough to eat or drink, while others have too much.#11:21 have too much Literally, “get drunk.” 22You can eat and drink in your own homes. It seems that you think God’s church is not important. You embarrass those who are poor. What can I say? Should I praise you? No, I cannot praise you for this.
23The teaching I gave you is the same that I received from the Lord: On the night when the Lord Jesus was handed over to be killed, he took bread 24and gave thanks for it. Then he divided the bread and said, “This is my body; it is for you. Eat this to remember me.” 25In the same way, after they ate, Jesus took the cup of wine. He said, “This cup represents the new agreement from God, which begins with my blood sacrifice. When you drink this, do it to remember me.” 26This means that every time you eat this bread and drink this cup, you are telling others about the Lord’s death until he comes again.
27So if you eat the bread or drink the cup of the Lord in a way that does not fit its meaning, you are sinning against the body and the blood of the Lord. 28Before you eat the bread and drink the cup, you should examine your own attitude. 29If you eat and drink without paying attention to those who are the Lord’s body, your eating and drinking will cause you to be judged guilty. 30That is why many in your group are sick and weak, and many have died. 31But if we judged ourselves in the right way, then God would not judge us. 32But when the Lord judges us, he punishes us to show us the right way. He does this so that we will not be condemned with the world.
33So, my brothers and sisters, when you come together to eat, wait for each other. 34If some are too hungry to wait, they should eat at home. Do this so that your meeting together will not bring God’s judgment on you. I will tell you what to do about the other things when I come.