The Guilt Offering
1“Now this is the law of the guilt#7:1 Or restitution offering;#Lv 14:12-13 it is especially holy. 2The guilt offering is to be slaughtered at the place where the burnt offering#Gn 22:2; Lv 3:5; Nm 6:11; Jos 8:31; 1Ch 16:1; Ps 20:3; Mc 6:6 is slaughtered, and the priest is to splatter its blood on all sides of the altar. 3The offerer is to present all the fat from it: the fat tail,#Lv 3:9 the fat surrounding the entrails,#7:3 LXX, Sam add and all the fat that is on the entrails; Lv 3:3,9,14; 4:8 4and the two kidneys with the fat on them at the loins; he will also remove the fatty lobe of the liver#Lv 9:10 with the kidneys. 5The priest will burn them on the altar as a fire offering#Dt 18:1 to the Lord; it is a guilt offering. 6Any male among the priests may eat it.#1Co 9:13 It is to be eaten in a holy place;#Lv 16:24 it is especially holy.#Lv 14:13
7“The guilt offering is like the sin offering;#Ex 29:14 the law is the same for both. It belongs to the priest#Lv 14:13 who makes atonement#Ex 30:15 with it. 8As for the priest who presents someone’s burnt offering, the hide of the burnt offering he has presented belongs to him; it is the priest’s. 9Any grain offering#Ex 40:29 that is baked in an oven or prepared in a pan or on a griddle belongs to the priest who presents it; it is his. 10But any grain offering, whether dry or mixed with oil, belongs equally to all of Aaron’s sons.
The Fellowship Sacrifice
11“Now this is the law of the fellowship sacrifice#Lv 3:1,3,6,9 that someone may present to the Lord: 12If he presents it for thanksgiving, in addition to the thanksgiving sacrifice,#Lv 22:29 he is to present unleavened cakes#Ex 12:8 mixed with olive oil, unleavened wafers#Lv 2:4 coated with oil, and well-kneaded cakes of fine flour mixed with oil. 13He is to present as his offering cakes of leavened bread with his thanksgiving sacrifice of fellowship. 14From the cakes he is to present one portion of each offering as a contribution#Ex 36:3 to the Lord. It will belong to the priest who splatters the blood of the fellowship offering; it is his. 15The meat of his thanksgiving sacrifice of fellowship must be eaten on the day he offers it;#Lv 22:30 he may not leave any of it until morning.#Ex 12:10; 34:25; Lv 19:5-8; Dt 16:4
16“If the sacrifice he offers is a vow#Lv 27:8 or a freewill offering,#Ex 35:29 it is to be eaten on the day he presents his sacrifice, and what is left over may be eaten on the next day. 17But what remains of the sacrificial meat by the third day must be burned.#Lv 19:6 18If any of the meat of his fellowship sacrifice is eaten on the third day, it will not be accepted.#Lv 1:4 It will not be credited to the one who presents it; it is repulsive.#Lv 19:7; Is 65:4; Ezk 4:14 The person who eats any of it will bear his iniquity.#7:18 Or will bear his guilt
19“Meat that touches anything unclean must not be eaten; it is to be burned. Everyone who is clean may eat any other meat. 20But the one who eats meat from the Lord’s fellowship sacrifice while he is unclean, that person must be cut off from his people.#Gn 17:14; Lv 7:27; 19:8; Nm 9:13 21If someone touches anything unclean, whether human uncleanness, an unclean animal, or any unclean, abhorrent#7:21 Some Hb mss, Sam, Syr, Tg read swarming#Lv 11:10-13,20,23,41-42; Is 66:17; Ezk 8:10 creature, and eats meat from the Lord’s fellowship sacrifice, that person is to be cut off from his people.”
Fat and Blood Prohibited
22The Lord spoke to Moses: 23“Tell the Israelites: You are not to eat any fat#Lv 3:16-17 of an ox, a sheep, or a goat. 24The fat of an animal that dies naturally or is mauled by wild beasts#7:24 Lit fat of a carcass or the fat of a mauled beast#Lv 17:15; 22:8 may be used for any other purpose, but you must not eat it.#Ex 22:31; Lv 3:17; 17:15; 22:8; Dt 14:21; Ezk 4:14; 44:31 25If anyone eats animal fat from a fire offering presented to the Lord, the person who eats it is to be cut off from his people. 26Wherever you live, you must not eat the blood#Gn 9:3-4; Lv 17:10-12; Dt 12:16,23 of any bird or animal. 27Whoever eats any blood is to be cut off from his people.”
The Portion for the Priests
28The Lord spoke to Moses: 29“Tell the Israelites: The one who presents a fellowship sacrifice to the Lord is to bring an offering to the Lord from his sacrifice. 30His own hands will bring the fire offerings to the Lord. He will bring the fat together with the breast. The breast is to be presented as a presentation offering#Ex 29:24 before the Lord. 31The priest is to burn the fat on the altar, but the breast belongs to Aaron and his sons. 32You are to give the right thigh#Ex 29:22; Lv 8:25-26; 9:21; Nm 18:18 to the priest as a contribution from your fellowship sacrifices. 33The son of Aaron who presents the blood of the fellowship offering and the fat will have the right thigh as a portion. 34I have taken from the Israelites the breast of the presentation offering and the thigh of the contribution from their fellowship sacrifices, and have assigned them to the priest Aaron and to his sons as a permanent portion#7:34 Or statute, also in v. 36#Ex 29:28; 30:21; Lv 6:11,15; 10:15; 24:9; Nm 18:8,11,19; Jr 5:22 from the Israelites.”
35This is the portion from the fire offerings to the Lord for Aaron and his sons#Mt 10:10; 1Co 9:13-14; 1Tm 5:17-18 since the day they were presented to serve the Lord as priests. 36The Lord commanded this to be given to them by the Israelites on the day he anointed them.#Ex 40:13-15; Lv 8:12,30 It is a permanent portion throughout their generations.
37This is the law for the burnt offering, the grain offering, the sin offering, the guilt offering, the ordination offering,#Lv 8:22 and the fellowship sacrifice, 38which the Lord commanded Moses on Mount Sinai#Ex 34:2 on the day he commanded the Israelites to present their offerings to the Lord in the Wilderness of Sinai.#Ex 31:18; 34:32; Lv 26:46; Neh 9:13