Parallel
1
Greeting
1Jude,#Mt 13:55; Mk 6:3 a servant of Jesus Christ and a brother of James:
To those who are the called,#Rm 1:7; 1Co 1:24 loved#1 Other mss read sanctified#1Th 1:4; 2Th 2:13 by God the Father and kept for Jesus Christ.#Jn 17:11,15; 1Th 5:23; 1Pt 1:5
2May mercy, peace, and love be multiplied to you.#1Pt 1:2; 2Pt 1:2
Jude’s Purpose in Writing
3Dear friends, although I was eager to write you about the salvation we share,#Ti 1:4 I found it necessary to write, appealing to you to contend for the faith#1Tm 6:12; 2Tm 4:7 that was delivered#2Pt 2:21 to the saints once for all. 4For some people, who were designated for this judgment long ago,#4 Or whose judgment was written about long ago#1Pt 2:8 have come in by stealth;#Gl 2:4; 2Tm 3:6 they are ungodly,#Mk 7:22; Rm 5:6 turning the grace of our God into sensuality and denying#Ti 1:16; 2Pt 2:1; 1Jn 2:22 Jesus Christ, our only Master and Lord.
Apostates: Past and Present
5Now I want to remind you, although you came to know all these things once and for all, that Jesus#5 Other mss read the Lord, or God saved a people out of Egypt and later destroyed those who did not believe;#1Co 10:1-11 6and the angels#Gn 6:1-4; 2Pt 2:4 who did not keep their own position but abandoned their proper dwelling, he has kept in eternal chains in deep darkness for the judgment on the great day. 7Likewise, Sodom and Gomorrah#2Pt 2:6 and the surrounding towns committed sexual immorality and perversions,#7 Or and went after other flesh and serve as an example by undergoing the punishment of eternal fire.#2Th 1:8
8In the same way these people — relying on their dreams — defile their flesh, reject authority, and slander glorious ones.#2Pt 2:10 9Yet when Michael#Dn 10:13,21; 12:1; Rv 12:7 the archangel#Lk 1:19; 1Th 4:16 was disputing with the devil#Mt 4:1,10; Ac 13:10 in an argument about Moses’s#Ps 77:20; Mt 8:4; Heb 3:2 body, he did not dare utter a slanderous condemnation against him but said, “The Lord rebuke you!” 10But these people blaspheme anything they do not understand. And what they do understand by instinct — like irrational animals — by these things they are destroyed. 11Woe to them! For they have gone the way of Cain,#Gn 4:1-17,24-25; Heb 11:4; 1Jn 3:12 have plunged into Balaam’s error#Nm 22:5; 2Pt 2:15 for profit, and have perished in Korah’s rebellion.#Nm 16:1
The Apostates’ Doom
12These people are dangerous reefs#12 Other mss read are like blemishes at your love feasts#1Co 11:17-22; 2Pt 2:13 as they eat with you without reverence. They are shepherds who only look after themselves. They are waterless clouds carried along by winds;#Pr 25:14 trees in late autumn — fruitless, twice dead and uprooted. 13They are wild waves of the sea, foaming up their shameful deeds; wandering stars#Is 14:12-15; Rv 1:16; 8:10; 9:1 for whom the blackness of darkness#Mt 6:23; Jd 6 is reserved forever.#2Pt 2:17
14It was about these that Enoch,#Gn 5:18 in the seventh generation from Adam, prophesied: “Look! The Lord comes with tens of thousands of his holy ones#Dt 33:2; Dn 7:10; Mk 8:38; 1Th 3:13; 2Th 1:7; Heb 12:22 15to execute judgment on all and to convict all the ungodly#2Pt 2:5-6 concerning all the ungodly acts that they have done in an ungodly way, and concerning all the harsh things ungodly sinners have said against him.” 16These people are discontented grumblers, living according to their desires;#2Pt 2:10 their mouths utter arrogant words, flattering#Lv 19:15; Dt 10:17; 2Ch 19:7; Pr 28:21 people for their own advantage.
17But you, dear friends, remember what was predicted by the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ. 18They told you, “In the end time#1Tm 4:1; 2Tm 3:1; 1Pt 1:5,20 there will be scoffers#2Pt 3:3 living according to their own ungodly desires.” 19These people create divisions and are worldly,#Rm 8:9; Php 3:3 not having the Spirit.
Exhortation and Benediction
20But you, dear friends, as you build yourselves up in your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Spirit,#Rm 8:15-16,26-27; Eph 6:18 21keep yourselves in the love of God,#Jn 15:9-10; 1Jn 4:16 waiting expectantly for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ for eternal life. 22Have mercy on those who waver; 23save others by snatching them from the fire;#1Co 3:15; 2Th 1:8 have mercy on others but with fear,#Rv 11:11 hating#Pr 6:16-19 even the garment#Zch 3:3-4 defiled by the flesh.
24Now to him#Rm 16:25; Eph 3:20 who is able to protect you from stumbling#Jn 17:12 and to make you stand in the presence of his glory, without blemish#Eph 1:4; 5:27; Php 2:15; Col 1:22 and with great joy, 25to the only#Jn 5:44; Rm 16:27 God our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord,#25 Other mss omit through Jesus Christ our Lord be glory, majesty, power, and authority before all time,#25 Other mss omit before all time now and forever. Amen.