Deception by Gibeon
1When all the kings heard about Jericho and Ai, those who were west of the Jordan in the hill country,#Jos 3:10 in the Judean foothills,#9:1 Or the Shephelah and all along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea#Nm 34:6 toward Lebanon — the Hethites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites — 2they formed a unified alliance to fight against Joshua and Israel.
3When the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai,#Jos 10:2 4they acted deceptively. They gathered provisions#9:4 Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr, Vg; other Hb mss read They went disguised as ambassadors and took worn-out sacks on their donkeys and old wineskins, cracked and mended. 5They wore old, patched sandals on their feet and threadbare clothing on their bodies. Their entire provision of bread was dry and crumbly. 6They went to Joshua in the camp at Gilgal and said to him and the men of Israel, “We have come from a distant land. Please make a treaty with us.”#Jos 5:10
7The men of Israel replied to the Hivites, “Perhaps you live among us. How can we make a treaty with you?” #Ex 23:32; Dt 7:2-5; 20:10-18
8They said to Joshua, “We are your servants.”#2Sm 15:15; 2Kg 10:5
Then Joshua asked them, “Who are you and where do you come from?”
9They replied to him, “Your servants have come from a faraway land because of the reputation of the Lord your God. For we have heard of his fame, and all that he did in Egypt, 10and all that he did to the two Amorite kings beyond the Jordan — King Sihon of Heshbon and King Og of Bashan, who was in Ashtaroth. 11So our elders and all the inhabitants of our land told us, ‘Take provisions with you for the journey; go and meet them and say, “We are your servants. Please make a treaty with us.”’ 12This bread of ours was warm when we took it from our houses as food on the day we left to come to you; but see, it is now dry and crumbly. 13These wineskins were new when we filled them; but see, they are cracked. And these clothes and sandals of ours are worn out from the extremely long journey.” 14Then the men of Israel took some of their provisions, but did not seek the Lord’s decision.#Ex 17:1; Lv 24:12; Nm 3:16; 9:18; 22:18; 27:21; Dt 1:26; 8:3; Jr 23:16 15So Joshua established peace with them and made a treaty to let them live, and the leaders of the community swore an oath to them.#2Sm 21:1-2
Gibeon’s Deception Discovered
16Three days after making the treaty with them, they heard that the Gibeonites were their neighbors, living among them. 17So the Israelites set out and reached the Gibeonite cities on the third day. Now their cities were Gibeon, Chephirah, Beeroth, and Kiriath-jearim.#Jos 18:25 18But the Israelites did not attack them, because the leaders of the community had sworn an oath#Ps 15:1-4; Ezk 17:16-20 to them by the Lord, the God of Israel. Then the whole community grumbled against the leaders.
19All the leaders answered them, “We have sworn an oath to them by the Lord, the God of Israel, and now we cannot touch them. 20This is how we will treat them: we will let them live, so that no wrath will fall on us because of the oath we swore to them.” 21They also said, “Let them live.” So the Gibeonites became woodcutters and water carriers#Dt 29:11 for the whole community, as the leaders had promised them.
22Joshua summoned the Gibeonites and said to them, “Why did you deceive us by telling us you live far away from us, when in fact you live among us? 23Therefore you are cursed and will always be slaves — woodcutters and water carriers for the house of my God.”
24The Gibeonites answered him, “It was clearly communicated to your servants that the Lord your God had commanded his servant Moses to give you all the land and to destroy all the inhabitants of the land before you. We greatly feared for our lives because of you, and that is why we did this.#Jos 10:2 25Now we are in your hands. Do to us whatever you think is right.”#9:25 Lit us as is good and as is right in your eyes do#Gn 16:6; Jr 26:14; 38:5 26This is what Joshua did to them: he rescued them from the Israelites, and they did not kill them. 27On that day he made them woodcutters and water carriers — as they are today — for the community and for the Lord’s altar at the place he would choose.#Dt 12:5