Parallel
1
Greeting
1James,#Mt 13:55; Mk 6:3; Ac 12:17; 15:13; 21:18; Gl 1:19; 2:9,12; Jd 1 a servant of God#Ac 16:17; Rm 1:1; Eph 6:6; Jms 1:1; 1Pt 2:16; Rv 1:1 and of the Lord Jesus Christ:
To the twelve tribes#Gn 49:28; Ex 24:4; Ezk 47:13; Mt 19:28; Ac 26:7; Rv 21:12 dispersed abroad.#1:1 Gk diaspora; Jewish people scattered throughout Gentile lands#Jn 7:35; 1Pt 1:1
Greetings.#Ti 1:1
Trials and Maturity
2Consider it a great joy, my brothers and sisters, whenever you experience various trials,#Mt 5:12; 1Pt 1:6 3because you know that the testing of your faith produces endurance. 4And let endurance have its full effect, so that you may be mature and complete, lacking nothing.
5Now if any of you lacks wisdom, he should ask God — who gives to all generously and ungrudgingly — and it will be given to him.#1Kg 3:9; Pr 2:3-6; Mt 7:7 6But let him ask in faith without doubting.#1:6 Or without divided loyalties For the doubter is like the surging sea, driven and tossed by the wind. 7That person should not expect to receive anything from the Lord, 8being double-minded and unstable in all his ways.#1:8 Or in all his conduct#Jms 4:8; 2Pt 2:14
9Let the brother of humble circumstances boast in his exaltation, 10but let the rich boast in his humiliation because he will pass away like a flower of the field.#1Co 7:31; 1Pt 1:24 11For the sun rises and, together with the scorching wind, dries up the grass; its flower falls off, and its beautiful appearance perishes. In the same way, the rich person will wither away while pursuing his activities.#Ps 102:4,11; Is 40:7
12Blessed is the one who endures trials, because when he has stood the test he will receive the crown#1Co 9:25; 2Tm 4:8; 1Pt 5:4; Rv 2:10; 3:11 of life that God#1:12 Other mss read that the Lord has promised to those who love him.#Mt 10:22; Jms 2:5
13No one undergoing a trial should say, “I am being tempted by God,” since God is not tempted by evil, and he himself doesn’t tempt anyone. 14But each person is tempted when he is drawn away and enticed by his own evil desire.#Pr 7:6-23 15Then after desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin, and when sin is fully grown, it gives birth to death.#Jb 15:35; Ps 7:14; Is 59:4; Rm 6:23
16Don’t be deceived, my dear brothers and sisters.#1Co 6:9; Jms 1:19 17Every good and perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, who does not change like shifting shadows.#Nm 23:19; Mal 3:6; Jn 3:27; 1Jn 1:5 18By his own choice, he gave us birth by the word of truth so that we would be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.#Jn 1:13; Eph 1:12
Hearing and Doing the Word
19My dear brothers and sisters, understand this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak, and slow to anger,#Pr 10:19; 17:27; Ec 5:1-2 20for human anger does not accomplish God’s righteousness. 21Therefore, ridding yourselves of all moral filth and the evil that is so prevalent,#1:21 Or the abundance of evil humbly receive the implanted word, which is able to save your souls.#Eph 1:13; 4:22; Col 3:8
22But#Mt 7:24-27; Rm 2:13; Jms 2:14-20 be doers of the word and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves. 23Because if anyone is a hearer of the word and not a doer, he is like someone looking at his own face#1:23 Or at his natural face in a mirror. 24For he looks at himself, goes away, and immediately forgets what kind of person he was. 25But the one who looks intently into the perfect law of freedom and perseveres in it, and is not a forgetful hearer but a doer who works — this person will be blessed in what he does.#Jn 13:17; Jms 2:12
26If anyone#1:26 Other mss add among you thinks he is religious without controlling his tongue,#Ps 34:13; 39:1; 141:3; Jms 3:2-3; 1Pt 3:10 his religion is useless and he deceives himself. 27Pure and undefiled religion before God the Father is this: to look after orphans and widows#Jb 31:17; Is 1:17,23; Mt 25:36 in their distress and to keep oneself unstained from the world.#Rm 12:2; 1Jn 5:18