1Call#2:1 Lit Say to your brothers: My People
and your sisters: Compassion.
Israel’s Adultery Rebuked
2Rebuke your mother; rebuke her.#Ezk 23:45
For she is not my wife and I am not her husband.#Is 50:1
Let her remove the promiscuous look from her face#Jr 3:1,9,13
and her adultery from between her breasts.
3Otherwise, I will strip her naked#Ezk 16:7,22,39
and expose her as she was on the day of her birth.
I will make her like a desert#Is 32:13–14; Hs 13:15
and like a parched land,
and I will let her die of thirst.#Jr 14:3; Am 8:11–13
4I will have no compassion on her children#Jr 13:14
because they are the children of promiscuity.
5Yes, their mother is promiscuous;
she conceived them and acted shamefully.#Is 1:21; Hs 3:1
For she thought, “I will follow my lovers,#Jr 2:25
the men who give me my food and water,
my wool and flax, my oil and drink.”#Jr 44:17–18
6Therefore, this is what I will do:
I will block her#2:6 LXX, Syr; MT reads your way#Jb 19:8 with thorns;#Hs 9:6; 10:8
I will enclose her with a wall,
so that she cannot find her paths.#Jr 18:15
7She will pursue her lovers but not catch them;#Hs 5:13
she will look for them but not find them.
Then she will think,
“I will go back to my former husband,#Jr 2:2; 3:1; Ezk 16:8; 23:4
for then it was better for me than now.”#Jr 14:22; Hs 13:6
8She does not recognize#Is 1:3
that it is I who gave her the grain,#Ezk 16:19
the new wine, and the fresh oil.
I lavished silver and gold on her,
which they used for Baal.
9Therefore, I will take back my grain in its time#Hs 8:7; 9:2
and my new wine in its season;
I will take away my wool and linen,
which were to cover her nakedness.
10Now I will expose her shame#Ezk 16:37
in the sight of her lovers,
and no one will rescue her from my power.
11I will put an end to all her celebrations:#Jr 7:34; 16:9
her feasts,#Hs 3:4; Am 5:21; 8:10 New Moons,#Is 1:13–14 and Sabbaths —
all her festivals.
12I will devastate her vines and fig trees.#Jr 5:17; 8:13
She thinks that these are her wages
that her lovers have given her.
I will turn them into a thicket,#Ps 80:12; Is 5:5; 7:23
and the wild animals will eat them.#Is 32:13–15
13And I will punish her for the days of the Baals,#Hs 4:13; 11:2
to which she burned incense.#Jr 7:9
She put on her rings and her jewelry#Ezk 16:12,17; 23:40
and followed her lovers,
but she forgot me.#Hs 4:6; 8:14; 13:6
This is the Lord’s declaration.
Israel’s Adultery Forgiven
14Therefore, I am going to persuade her,
lead her to the wilderness,#Ezk 20:33–38
and speak tenderly to her.#2:14 Lit speak to her heart
15There I will give her vineyards back to her#Ezk 28:25–26
and make the Valley of Achor#2:15 = Trouble#Jos 7:26
into a gateway of hope.
There she will respond as she did
in the days of her youth,#Jr 2:1–3
as in the day she came out of the land of Egypt.
16In that day —
this is the Lord’s declaration —
you will call me “my husband”#Is 54:5
and no longer call me “my Baal.”#2:16 Or my master
17For I will remove the names of the Baals
from her mouth;
they will no longer be remembered by their names.
18On that day I will make a covenant for them
with the wild animals, the birds of the sky,
and the creatures that crawl on the ground.#Jb 5:23; Is 11:6–9; Ezk 34:25
I will shatter bow, sword,
and weapons of war in the land#2:18 Or war on the earth#Ezk 39:1–10
and will enable the people to rest securely.#Ezk 34:25
19I will take you to be my wife forever.#Is 62:4–5
I will take you to be my wife in righteousness,
justice, love, and compassion.#Is 1:27; 54:6–8
20I will take you to be my wife in faithfulness,
and you will know the Lord.#Hs 6:6; 13:4
21On that day I will respond#Is 55:10; Zch 8:12; Mal 3:10–11 —
this is the Lord’s declaration.
I will respond to the sky,
and it will respond to the earth.
22The earth will respond to the grain,#Jr 31:12; Jl 2:19
the new wine, and the fresh oil,
and they will respond to Jezreel.
23I will sow her#2:23 = Israel in the land for myself,#Jr 31:37
and I will have compassion#Hs 1:6
I will say to Lo-ammi:#Hs 1:9
You are my people,#Hs 2:1; Rm 9:25
and he will say, “You are my God.”