1When the seventh month arrived,#Lv 23:23-43; Nm 29:1-38 and the Israelites were in their towns, the people gathered as one in Jerusalem.#Neh 7:73—8:1 2Jeshua son of Jozadak and his brothers the priests along with Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel#Ezr 3:8; 5:2; Hg 1:1; 2:21,23 and his brothers began to build the altar of Israel’s God in order to offer burnt offerings on it, as it is written in the law of Moses, the man of God.#Ex 27:1-8 3They set up the altar on its foundation and offered burnt offerings for the morning and evening on it to the Lord even though they feared the surrounding peoples.#Ezr 4:4 4They celebrated the Festival of Shelters as prescribed, and offered burnt offerings each day, based on the number specified by ordinance for each festival day.#Lv 23:33-43; Nm 29:12-38; Neh 8:13-18; Zch 14:16 5After that, they offered the regular burnt offering and the offerings for the beginning of each month#3:5 Lit for the new moons#Nm 28:11-14; 1Sm 20:5 and for all the Lord’s appointed holy occasions, as well as the freewill offerings brought to#3:5 Lit well as those of everyone making a freewill offering to the Lord.
6On the first day of the seventh month they began to offer burnt offerings to the Lord,#Lv 23:23-25; Nm 29:1-6 even though the foundation of the Lord’s temple had not yet been laid. 7They gave money to the stonecutters and artisans, and gave food, drink, and oil to the people of Sidon and Tyre, so they would bring cedar wood from Lebanon to Joppa by sea,#1Kg 5:1-11; 2Ch 2:3-16 according to the authorization given them by King Cyrus of Persia.#Ezr 1:2; 6:3-5
Rebuilding the Temple
8In the second month of the second year after they arrived at God’s house in Jerusalem, Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, Jeshua son of Jozadak,#Ezr 4:3; 5:2; Hg 1:1 and the rest of their brothers, including the priests, the Levites, and all who had returned to Jerusalem from the captivity, began to build. They appointed the Levites who were twenty years old or more to supervise the work on the Lord’s house.#1Ch 23:4,24 9Jeshua with his sons and brothers, Kadmiel with his sons, and the sons of Judah#3:9 Or Hodaviah; Neh 7:43; 1 Esdras 5:58 and of Henadad, with their sons and brothers, the Levites,#Ezr 2:40 joined together to supervise those working on the house of God.
Temple Foundation Completed
10When the builders had laid the foundation of the Lord’s temple, the priests, dressed in their robes and holding trumpets, and the Levites descended from Asaph,#Ezr 2:41 holding cymbals, took their positions to praise the Lord, as King David of Israel had instructed.#1Ch 6:31; 25:1,6; 2Ch 29:25-26; Neh 12:24,45 11They sang with praise and thanksgiving to the Lord: “For he is good; his faithful love to Israel endures forever.”#1Ch 16:34; 2Ch 5:13; 7:3; Neh 12:31 Then all the people gave a great shout of praise to the Lord because the foundation of the Lord’s house had been laid.#Hg 2:18; Zch 4:9
12But many of the older priests, Levites, and family heads, who had seen the first temple, wept loudly when they saw the foundation of this temple,#Hg 2:3 but many others shouted joyfully. 13The people could not distinguish the sound of the joyful shouting from that of the#3:13 Lit the people weeping,#Ps 126:5-6 because the people were shouting so loudly. And the sound was heard far away.