The Tenth Plague: Death of the Firstborn
1The Lord said#11:1 Or had said to Moses, “I will bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt. After that, he will let you go from here. When he lets you go,#11:1 Or go, it will be finished — he will drive you out of here. 2Now announce to the people that both men and women should ask their neighbors for silver and gold items.” 3The Lord gave#11:3 Or had given the people favor with the Egyptians. In addition, Moses himself was very highly regarded#11:3 Lit was very great in the land of Egypt by#11:3 Or in the eyes of Pharaoh’s officials and the people.#Ex 3:21–22; 12:35–36
4So Moses said, “This is what the Lord says: About midnight I will go throughout Egypt, 5and every firstborn male in the land of Egypt will die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne to the firstborn of the servant girl who is at the grindstones, as well as every firstborn of the livestock. 6Then there will be a great cry of anguish through all the land of Egypt such as never was before or ever will be again. 7But against all the Israelites, whether people or animals, not even a dog will snarl,#11:7 Lit point its tongue so that you may know that the Lord makes a distinction between Egypt and Israel. 8All these officials of yours will come down to me and bow before me, saying: Get out, you and all the people who follow you.#11:8 Lit people at your feet After that, I will get out.” And he went out from Pharaoh’s presence fiercely angry.#Ex 12:3; Am 5:17
9The Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh will not listen#Ex 3:19; 7:4; 10:1 to you, so that my wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.” 10Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh, but the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart,#Ex 4:21; 10:20,27 and he would not let the Israelites go out of his land.