1
Greeting
1Paul,# Ac 13:9 an apostle of Christ Jesus by God’s will:# Eph 1:9
To the faithful saints# Eph 5:2 in Christ Jesus#1.1: Or to the saints, the believers in Christ Jesus at Ephesus.#1.1: Other mss omit at Ephesus# Ac 18:19-21; 19:9-10; 20:3,17; 1Co 15:32; Rv 2:1
2Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
God’s Rich Blessings
3Blessed is the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavens in Christ.# Eph 1:20; 2:6; 3:10; 6:12 4For he chose us in him, before the foundation of the world, to be holy and blameless in love before him.#1.4: Or in his sight. In love# Jd 24 5He predestined us to be adopted as sons through Jesus Christ for himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, 6to the praise of his glorious grace# Jn 1:14; Rm 5:2; 2Co 4:15 that he lavished on us in the Beloved One.# Mt 3:17; Jn 3:35; 10:17; Col 1:13
7In him we have redemption# Heb 9:12 through his blood, the forgiveness# Ps 25:11; Mt 9:2; Mk 2:5; Lk 24:47 of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace 8that he richly poured out on us with all wisdom and understanding.#1.8: Or on us. With all wisdom and understanding 9He made known to us the mystery of his will,# Rm 11:25; 16:25; Eph 3:3; Col 1:27 according to his good pleasure that he purposed in Christ# Rm 9:11 10 as a plan for the right time#1.10: Or the fulfillment of times  ​— ​to bring everything together in Christ,# Mt 1:17; Eph 5:2 both things in heaven and things on earth# Php 2:10 in him.# Col 1:16
11In him we have also received an inheritance,#1.11: Or In him we are also an inheritance, because we were predestined# Pr 19:21 according to the plan of the one who works out everything in agreement with the purpose of his will, 12so that we who had already put our hope# 1Th 1:3 in Christ might bring praise to his glory.# Mk 10:37
13In him you also were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit# Ps 51:11; Jn 1:33; Ac 2:4; Rm 8:9; Gl 5:25; Ti 3:5; Rv 3:22 when you heard the word of truth,# Col 1:5; 2Th 2:10 the gospel of your salvation, and when you believed. 14The Holy Spirit is the down payment# Gn 38:17-18,20; 2Co 1:22; 5:5 of our inheritance, until the redemption of the possession, to the praise of his glory.
Prayer for Spiritual Insight
15This is why, since I heard about your faith in the Lord Jesus and your love for all the saints, 16I never stop giving thanks for you as I remember you in my prayers. 17I pray that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the glorious Father,#1.17: Or the Father of glory would give you the Spirit#1.17: Or a spirit# Ps 51:12 of wisdom and revelation# 1Pt 4:13 in the knowledge of him. 18I pray that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened so that you may know what is the hope# 1Th 1:3 of his calling,# Col 3:15 what is the wealth of his glorious inheritance in the saints, 19and what is the immeasurable greatness of his power# Ac 4:33 toward us who believe, according to the mighty working of his strength.
God’s Power in Christ
20He exercised this power in Christ by raising him from the dead and seating him at his right hand# Php 2:9 in the heavens# Jn 20:17; Eph 1:3; 2:6; 3:10; 6:12; Php 2:10; 1Pt 3:22  ​— ​ 21far above every ruler and authority, power and dominion, and every title given,#1.21: Lit every name named# 2Tm 2:19 not only in this age but also in the one to come.# Mk 10:30 22And he subjected everything under his feet# Ps 8:6# Ps 8:6; Rm 13:1; 1Co 15:27; 1Pt 3:22 and appointed him#1.22: Lit gave him as head# Col 2:10 over everything for the church, 23which is his body,# Eph 4:4 the fullness# Jn 1:16 of the one who fills all things# Col 3:11 in every way.