Parallel
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1The words of Amos, who was one of the sheep breeders#1:1 Or the shepherds#2Kg 3:4; Am 7:14-15 from Tekoa#2Sm 14:2; Jr 6:1  — what he saw regarding Israel in the days of King Uzziah#2Kg 15:1-7; 2Ch 26:1-23; Is 1:1; Hs 1:1 of Judah and Jeroboam#2Kg 14:23-29 son of Jehoash, king of Israel, two years before the earthquake.#Zch 14:5
2He said:
The Lord roars#Is 42:13; Jr 25:30; Jl 3:16; Am 3:8 from Zion
and makes his voice heard from Jerusalem;
the pastures of the shepherds mourn,#1:2 Or dry up#Is 24:4-7; Jr 12:4; 23:10; Jl 1:10,18-19
and the summit of Carmel#Am 9:3 withers.
Judgment on Israel’s Neighbors
3The Lord says:
I will not relent from punishing Damascus#Is 17:1-3
for three crimes, even four,#Pr 30:15-29; Am 2:1,4,6
because they threshed Gilead with iron sledges.
4Therefore, I will send fire against Hazael’s palace,
and it will consume Ben-hadad’s#2Kg 8:11-15; 13:3,22,24 citadels.
5I will break down the gates#1:5 Lit gate bars#Gn 22:17; Neh 1:3; Lm 2:9; Hs 11:6; Nah 3:13 of Damascus.
I will cut off the ruler from the Valley of Aven,
and the one who wields the scepter from Beth-eden.
The people of Aram will be exiled to Kir.#2Kg 16:9; Am 9:7
The Lord has spoken.
6The Lord says:
I will not relent from punishing Gaza#Jr 47:1,4-5; Ezk 25:15-17
for three crimes, even four,
because they exiled a whole community,
handing them over to Edom.
7Therefore, I will send fire against the walls of Gaza,
and it will consume its citadels.
8I will cut off the ruler from Ashdod,#2Ch 26:6; Am 3:9; Zch 9:6
and the one who wields the scepter from Ashkelon.#Jr 47:5; Zph 2:4
I will also turn my hand against Ekron,
and the remainder of the Philistines#Is 14:29-31; Ezk 25:16 will perish.
The Lord God has spoken.
9The Lord says:
I will not relent from punishing Tyre#Is 23; Ezk 26:1—28:19
for three crimes, even four,
because they handed over
a whole community of exiles to Edom
and broke#1:9 Lit and did not remember a treaty of brotherhood.#1Kg 5:1,12; 9:11-14
10Therefore, I will send fire#Zch 9:4 against the walls of Tyre,
and it will consume its citadels.
11The Lord says:
I will not relent from punishing Edom#Jr 49:8-22; Ezk 25:12-14
for three crimes, even four,
because he pursued his brother with the sword.#Nm 20:14; Dt 2:4; 23:7; Ob 10-14
He stifled his compassion,
his anger tore at him#Gn 37:33; Ps 7:2; Hs 5:14 continually,
and he harbored his rage incessantly.
12Therefore, I will send fire against Teman,#Jr 49:7,20
and it will consume the citadels of Bozrah.
13The Lord says:
I will not relent from punishing the Ammonites#Jr 49:1-6; Ezk 25:1-7; Zph 2:8-11
for three crimes, even four,
because they ripped open
the pregnant women of Gilead#2Kg 8:12; 15:16; Hs 13:16
in order to enlarge their territory.#Is 5:8; Ezk 35:10
14Therefore, I will set fire to the walls of Rabbah,#1Ch 20:1; Jr 49:2
and it will consume its citadels.
There will be shouting on the day of battle#Ezk 21:22; Am 2:2
and a violent wind on the day of the storm.#Is 29:6; 30:30
15Their king and his princes
will go into exile together.#Jr 49:3
The Lord has spoken.