1In fact, I made up my mind about this: I would not come to you on another painful visit.#2:1 Lit not again in sorrow to come to you 2For if I cause you pain, then who will cheer me other than the one being hurt by me?#2:2 Lit the one pained 3I wrote this very thing so that when I came I wouldn’t have pain from those who ought to give me joy, because I am confident#Php 1:25 about all of you that my joy will also be yours. 4For I wrote to you with many tears out of an extremely troubled and anguished heart — not to cause you pain, but that you should know the abundant love I have for you.
A Sinner Forgiven
5If anyone has caused pain, he has caused pain not so much to me but to some degree — not to exaggerate#2Th 3:8 — to all of you. 6This punishment by the majority is sufficient for that person. 7As a result, you should instead forgive#Mt 6:12 and comfort him. Otherwise, he may be overwhelmed by excessive grief. 8Therefore I urge you to reaffirm your love to him. 9I wrote for this purpose: to test your character#Rm 5:4 to see if you are obedient#Php 2:8 in everything. 10Anyone you forgive, I do too. For what I have forgiven — if I have forgiven anything — it is for your benefit in the presence of Christ, 11so that we may not be taken advantage#2Co 12:17 of by Satan. For we are not ignorant of his schemes.
A Trip to Macedonia
12When I came to Troas#Ac 16:8 to preach the gospel of Christ, even though the Lord opened a door#Col 4:3 for me, 13I had no rest#2Th 1:7 in my spirit because I did not find my brother Titus.#Ti 1:4 Instead, I said good-bye to them and left for Macedonia.#Ac 16:9
A Ministry of Life or Death
14But thanks be to God,#1Co 15:57 who always leads us in Christ’s triumphal procession and through us spreads the aroma of the knowledge of him in every place.#Jn 17:3; 1Jn 4:8 15For to God we are the fragrance#Eph 5:2; Php 4:18 of Christ among those who are being saved#Mt 9:22; Ac 16:30; Eph 2:8 and among those who are perishing.#Jn 6:27 16To some we are an aroma of death#Mt 10:21; Jn 8:51; Php 3:10 leading to death, but to others, an aroma of life#1Jn 5:12 leading to life. Who is adequate for these things? 17For we do not market the word of God#Mt 12:36; Mk 4:14; Lk 6:47; 8:21; Jn 1:1; 2:22; 18:32; Ac 17:11; 2Tm 2:15; Heb 4:12 for profit like so many.#2:17 Other mss read like the rest On the contrary, we speak with sincerity in Christ, as from God and before God.