1 Samuel 25
CSB
25
David, Nabal, and Abigail
1Samuel died,#1Sm 28:3 and all Israel assembled to mourn for him,#Dt 34:8 and they buried him by his home in Ramah.#2Kg 21:18; 2Ch 33:20 David then went down to the Wilderness of Paran.#25:1 LXX reads to Maon#Gn 21:21; Nm 10:12; 13:3
2A man in Maon#1Sm 23:24 had a business in Carmel;#Jos 15:55 he was a very rich man with three thousand sheep and one thousand goats and was shearing his sheep in Carmel. 3The man’s name was Nabal, and his wife’s name, Abigail. The woman was intelligent and beautiful, but the man, a Calebite,#Jos 15:13; 1Sm 30:14 was harsh and evil in his dealings.
4While David was in the wilderness, he heard that Nabal was shearing sheep, 5so David sent ten young men instructing them, “Go up to Carmel, and when you come to Nabal, greet him#25:5 Or Nabal, ask him for peace in my name. 6Then say this: ‘Long life to you,#25:6 Lit ‘To life and peace to you, peace to your family, and peace to all that is yours.#1Ch 12:18 7I hear that you are shearing.#25:7 Lit you have shearers When your shepherds were with us, we did not harass them, and nothing of theirs was missing the whole time they were in Carmel.#1Sm 23:24-25; 25:15-16 8Ask your young men, and they will tell you. So let my young men find favor with you, for we have come on a feast#25:8 Lit good day.#Neh 8:10-12 Please give whatever you have on hand to your servants and to your son David.’”
9David’s young men went and said all these things to Nabal on David’s behalf,#25:9 Lit name and they waited.#25:9 LXX reads and he became arrogant 10Nabal asked them, “Who is David?#Jdg 9:28 Who is Jesse’s son? Many slaves these days are running away from their masters. 11Am I supposed to take my bread, my water, and my meat that I butchered for my shearers and give them to these men? I don’t know where they are from.”
12David’s young men retraced their steps. When they returned to him, they reported all these words. 13He said to his men, “All of you, put on your swords!” So each man put on his sword, and David also put on his sword. About four hundred men followed David while two hundred stayed with the supplies.#1Sm 23:13; 30:9-10
14One of Nabal’s young men informed Abigail, Nabal’s wife: “Look, David sent messengers from the wilderness to greet our master,#1Sm 13:10; 15:13 but he screamed at them. 15The men treated us very well. When we were in the field, we weren’t harassed#1Sm 25:7,21 and nothing of ours was missing the whole time we were living among them. 16They were a wall around us, both day and night,#Ex 14:22 the entire time we were with them herding the sheep. 17Now consider carefully#25:17 Lit Now know and see what you should do, because there is certain to be trouble for our master and his entire family. He is such a worthless fool nobody can talk to him!”
18Abigail hurried, taking two hundred loaves of bread, two clay jars of wine, five butchered sheep, a bushel#25:18 Lit sheep, five seahs of roasted grain, one hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of pressed figs, and loaded them on donkeys.#2Sm 16:1; 1Ch 12:40 19Then she said to her male servants, “Go ahead of me. I will be right behind you.”#Gn 32:16,20 But she did not tell her husband Nabal.
20As she rode the donkey down a mountain pass hidden from view, she saw David and his men coming toward her and met them. 21David had just said, “I guarded everything that belonged to this man in the wilderness for nothing. He was not missing anything, yet he paid me back evil for good. 22May God punish me#25:22 LXX; MT reads David’s enemies and do so severely#1Sm 3:17; 20:13 if I let any of his males#25:22 Lit of those of his who are urinating against the wall survive until morning.”#1Kg 14:10
23When Abigail saw David, she quickly got off the donkey and knelt down with her face to the ground and paid homage to David.#1Sm 20:41 24She knelt at his feet and said, “The guilt is mine, my lord, but please let your servant speak to you directly. Listen to the words of your servant. 25My lord should pay no attention to this worthless fool Nabal, for he lives up to his name:#25:25 Lit for as is his name is, so he is His name means ‘stupid,’ and stupidity is all he knows.#25:25 Lit and foolishness is with him I, your servant, didn’t see my lord’s young men whom you sent. 26Now my lord, as surely as the Lord lives and as you yourself live— it is the Lord who kept you from participating in bloodshed and avenging yourself#Heb 10:30 by your own hand—may your enemies and those who intend to harm my lord be like Nabal.#2Sm 18:32 27Let this gift#Gn 33:11; 1Sm 30:26 your servant has brought to my lord be given to the young men who follow my lord. 28Please forgive your servant’s offense,#1Sm 25:24 for the Lord is certain to make a lasting dynasty for my lord#1Sm 2:35; 22:14; 2Sm 7:11,16 because he fights the Lord’s battles.#1Sm 18:17 Throughout your life, may evil#25:28 Or trouble not be found in you.#1Sm 24:11; Ps 7:3
29“Someone is pursuing you and intends to take your life. My lord’s life is tucked safely in the place#25:29 Lit bundle where the Lord your God protects the living, but he is flinging away your enemies’ lives like stones from a sling.#Jr 10:18 30When the Lord does for my lord all the good he promised you and appoints you ruler over Israel,#1Sm 13:14 31there will not be remorse or a troubled conscience for my lord because of needless bloodshed or my lord’s revenge. And when the Lord does good things for my lord, may you remember me your servant.”#Gn 40:14; 1Sm 25:30
32Then David said to Abigail, “Blessed be the Lord God of Israel,#Ex 18:10 who sent you to meet me today! 33May your discernment be blessed, and may you be blessed. Today you kept me from participating in bloodshed and avenging myself by my own hand.#1Sm 25:26 34Otherwise, as surely as the Lord God of Israel lives, who prevented me from harming you, if you had not come quickly to meet me, Nabal wouldn’t have had any males#25:34 Lit had anyone urinating against a wall left by morning light.” 35Then David accepted what she had brought him and said, “Go home in peace.#1Sm 20:42; 2Kg 5:19 See, I have heard what you said and have granted your request.”#Gn 19:21
36Then Abigail went to Nabal, and there he was in his house, holding a feast fit for a king.#2Sm 13:23 Nabal’s heart was cheerful,#25:36 Lit Nabal’s heart was good on him and he was very drunk, so she didn’t say anything#25:36 Lit anything at all to him#1Sm 25:19 until morning light.
37In the morning when Nabal sobered up,#25:37 Lit when the wine had gone out of Nabal his wife told him about these events. His heart died#25:37 Lit Then his heart died within him and he became a stone. 38About ten days later, the Lord struck Nabal dead.#1Sm 26:10
39When David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, “Blessed be the Lord who championed my cause against Nabal’s insults#1Sm 24:15 and restrained his servant from doing evil.#1Sm 25:26,34 The Lord brought Nabal’s evil deeds back on his own head.”#2Sm 3:28-29
Then David sent messengers to speak to Abigail about marrying him. 40When David’s servants came to Abigail at Carmel, they said to her, “David sent us to bring you to him as a wife.”
41She stood up, paid homage with her face to the ground,#1Sm 25:23 and said, “Here I am, your servant, a slave to wash the feet of my lord’s servants.”#Mk 1:7 42Then Abigail got up quickly, and with her five female servants accompanying her, rode on the donkey following David’s messengers.#Gn 24:61-67 And so she became his wife.
43David also married Ahinoam of Jezreel,#Jos 15:56 and the two of them became his wives. 44But Saul gave his daughter Michal, David’s wife, to Palti#1Sm 18:27; 2Sm 3:14-15 son of Laish, who was from Gallim.#Is 10:30

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