Jesus Teaches the People
1Jesus saw the crowds who were there. He went up on a hill and sat down. His followers came to him. 2Jesus taught the people and said:
3“Those people who know they have great spiritual needs are happy.
The kingdom of heaven belongs to them.
4Those who are sad now are happy.
God will comfort them.
5Those who are humble are happy.
The earth will belong to them.
6Those who want to do right more than anything else are happy.
God will fully satisfy them.
7Those who give mercy to others are happy.
Mercy will be given to them.
8Those who are pure in their thinking are happy.
They will be with God.
9Those who work to bring peace are happy.
God will call them his sons.
10Those who are treated badly for doing good are happy.
The kingdom of heaven belongs to them.
11“People will say bad things about you and hurt you. They will lie and say all kinds of evil things about you because you follow me. But when they do these things to you, you are happy. 12Rejoice and be glad. You have a great reward waiting for you in heaven. People did the same evil things to the prophets who lived before you.
You Are Like Salt and Light
13“You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt loses its salty taste, it cannot be made salty again. It is good for nothing. It must be thrown out for people to walk on.
14“You are the light that gives light to the world. A city that is built on a hill cannot be hidden. 15And people don’t hide a light under a bowl. They put the light on a lampstand. Then the light shines for all the people in the house. 16In the same way, you should be a light for other people. Live so that they will see the good things you do. Live so that they will praise your Father in heaven.
The Importance of the Law
17“Don’t think that I have come to destroy the law of Moses or the teaching of the prophets. I have not come to destroy their teachings but to do what they said. 18I tell you the truth. Nothing will disappear from the law until heaven and earth are gone. The law will not lose even the smallest letter or the smallest part of a letter until all has happened. 19Whoever refuses to obey any command and teaches other people not to obey that command will be the least important in the kingdom of heaven. But whoever obeys the law and teaches other people to obey the law will be great in the kingdom of heaven. 20I tell you that you must do better than the teachers of the law and the Pharisees. If you are not better than they are, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven.
Jesus Teaches About Anger
21“You have heard that it was said to our people long ago, ‘You must not murder anyone.# Quotation from Exodus 20:13; Deuteronomy 5:17. Anyone who murders another will be judged.’ 22But I tell you, if you are angry with your brother,# Some Greek copies continue, “without a reason.” you will be judged. And if you say bad things to your brother, you will be judged by the Jewish council. And if you call your brother a fool, then you will be in danger of the fire of hell.
23“So when you offer your gift to God at the altar, and you remember that your brother has something against you, 24leave your gift there at the altar. Go and make peace with him. Then come and offer your gift.
25“If your enemy is taking you to court, become friends with him quickly. You should do that before you go to court. If you don’t become his friend, he might turn you over to the judge. And the judge might give you to a guard to put you in jail. 26I tell you that you will not leave that jail until you have paid everything you owe.
Jesus Teaches About Adultery
27“You have heard that it was said, ‘You must not be guilty of adultery.’# Quotation from Exodus 20:14; Deuteronomy 5:18. 28But I tell you that if anyone looks at a woman with lust, he has already committed adultery with her in his mind. 29If your right eye causes you to sin, then take it out and throw it away. It is better to lose one part of your body than to have your whole body thrown into hell. 30If your right hand causes you to sin, then cut it off and throw it away. It is better to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to go into hell.
Jesus Teaches About Divorce
31“It was also said, ‘Anyone who divorces his wife must give her a written divorce paper.’# Quotation from Deuteronomy 24:1. 32But I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife is causing his wife to be guilty of adultery. The only reason for a man to divorce his wife is if she has been unfaithful to him. And anyone who marries that divorced woman is guilty of adultery.
Make Promises Carefully
33“You have heard that it was said to our people long ago, ‘When you make a promise, don’t break your promise. Keep the promises that you make to the Lord.’# Quotation from Leviticus 19:12; Numbers 30:2; Deuteronomy 23:21. 34But I tell you, never make an oath. Don’t make an oath using the name of heaven, because heaven is God’s throne. 35Don’t make an oath using the name of the earth, because the earth belongs to God. Don’t make an oath using the name of Jerusalem, because that is the city of the great King. 36And don’t even say that your own head is proof that you will keep your oath. You cannot make one hair on your head become white or black. 37Say only ‘yes’ if you mean ‘yes,’ and say only ‘no’ if you mean ‘no.’ If you must say more than ‘yes’ or ‘no,’ it is from the Evil One.
Don’t Fight Back
38“You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.’# Quotation from Exodus 21:24; Leviticus 24:20; Deuteronomy 19:21. 39But I tell you, don’t stand up against an evil person. If someone slaps you on the right cheek, then turn and let him slap the other cheek too. 40If someone wants to sue you in court and take your shirt, then let him have your coat too. 41If a soldier forces you to go with him one mile, then go with him two miles. 42If a person asks you for something, then give it to him. Don’t refuse to give to a person who wants to borrow from you.
Love All People
43“You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighbor# Quotation from Leviticus 19:18. and hate your enemies.’ 44But I tell you, love your enemies. Pray for those who hurt you.# Some Greek copies continue, “Bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you.” Compare Luke 6:28. 45If you do this, then you will be true sons of your Father in heaven. Your Father causes the sun to rise on good people and on bad people. Your Father sends rain to those who do good and to those who do wrong. 46If you love only the people who love you, then you will get no reward. Even the tax collectors do that. 47And if you are nice only to your friends, then you are no better than other people. Even people without God are nice to their friends. 48So you must be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is perfect.