1Therefore you have no excuse, whoever you are, passing judgment; for when you judge someone else, you are passing judgment against yourself; since you who are judging do the same things he does. 2We know that God’s judgment lands impartially on those who do such things; 3do you think that you, a mere man passing judgment on others who do such things, yet doing them yourself, will escape the judgment of God? 4Or perhaps you despise the riches of his kindness, forbearance and patience; because you don’t realize that God’s kindness is intended to lead you to turn from your sins. 5But by your stubbornness, by your unrepentant heart, you are storing up anger for yourself on the Day of Anger, when God’s righteous judgment will be revealed; 6for he will pay back each one according to his deeds. 7To those who seek glory, honor and immortality by perseverance in doing good, he will pay back eternal life. 8But to those who are self-seeking, who disobey the truth and obey evil, he will pay back wrath and anger.
9Yes, he will pay back misery and anguish to every human being who does evil, to the Jew first, then to the Gentile; 10but glory and honor and shalom to everyone who keeps doing what is good, to the Jew first, then to the Gentile. 11For God does not show favoritism. 12All who have sinned outside the framework of Torah will die outside the framework of Torah; and all who have sinned within the framework of Torah will be judged by Torah. 13For it is not merely the hearers of Torah whom God considers righteous; rather, it is the doers of what Torah says who will be made righteous in God’s sight. 14For whenever Gentiles, who have no Torah, do naturally what the Torah requires, then these, even though they don’t have Torah, for themselves are Torah! 15For their lives show that the conduct the Torah dictates is written in their hearts. Their consciences also bear witness to this, for their conflicting thoughts sometimes accuse them and sometimes defend them 16on a day when God passes judgment on people’s inmost secrets. (According to the Good News as I proclaim it, he does this through the Messiah Yeshua.)
17But if you call yourself a Jew and rest on Torah and boast about God 18and know his will and give your approval to what is right, because you have been instructed from the Torah; 19and if you have persuaded yourself that you are a guide to the blind, a light in the darkness, 20an instructor for the spiritually unaware and a teacher of children, since in the Torah you have the embodiment of knowledge and truth; 21then, you who teach others, don’t you teach yourself? Preaching, “Thou shalt not steal,” do you steal? 22Saying, “Thou shalt not commit adultery,” do you commit adultery? Detesting idols, do you commit idolatrous acts? 23You who take such pride in Torah, do you, by disobeying the Torah, dishonor God? — 24as it says in the Tanakh, “For it is because of you that God’s name is blasphemed by the Goyim.” 25For circumcision is indeed of value if you do what Torah says. But if you are a transgressor of Torah, your circumcision has become uncircumcision! 26Therefore, if an uncircumcised man keeps the righteous requirements of the Torah, won’t his uncircumcision be counted as circumcision? 27Indeed, the man who is physically uncircumcised but obeys the Torah will stand as a judgment on you who have had a b’rit-milah and have Torah written out but violate it! 28For the real Jew is not merely Jewish outwardly: true circumcision is not only external and physical. 29On the contrary, the real Jew is one inwardly; and true circumcision is of the heart, spiritual not literal; so that his praise comes not from other people but from God.