1Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met him; 2#Ps 103.21when Jacob saw them he said, “This is God’s camp!” So he called that place Mahanaim.#32.2 That is, two camps
Jacob Sends Presents to Appease Esau
Gen 25.30; 33.14, 16; 36.8, 9 Jacob sent messengers before him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom, 4#Prov 15.1instructing them, “Thus you shall say to my lord Esau: Thus says your servant Jacob, ‘I have lived with Laban as an alien and stayed until now, 5#Gen 30.43; 33.8, 15and I have oxen, donkeys, flocks, male and female slaves, and I have sent to tell my lord, in order that I may find favor in your sight.’ ”
The messengers returned to Jacob, saying, “We came to your brother Esau, and he is coming to meet you, and four hundred men are with him.” 7#v 11Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed, and he divided the people who were with him and the flocks and herds and camels into two companies, 8thinking, “If Esau comes to the one company and destroys it, then the company that is left will escape.”
Gen 28.15; 31.13, 42 And Jacob said, “O God of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, O Lord who said to me, ‘Return to your country and to your kindred, and I will do you good,’ 10#Gen 24.27; Job 8.7I am not worthy of the least of all the steadfast love and all the faithfulness that you have shown to your servant, for with only my staff I crossed this Jordan, and now I have become two companies. 11#Gen 27.41, 42; 33.4Deliver me, please, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau, for I am afraid of him; he may come and kill us all, the mothers with the children. 12#Gen 28.13–15Yet you have said, ‘I will surely do you good and make your offspring as the sand of the sea, which cannot be counted because of their number.’ ”
Gen 43.11; Prov 18.16 So he spent that night there, and from what he had with him he took a present for his brother Esau, 14two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, 15thirty milch camels and their colts, forty cows and ten bulls, twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys. 16These he delivered into the hand of his servants, every drove by itself, and said to his servants, “Pass on ahead of me, and put a space between drove and drove.” 17He instructed the one in the lead, “When Esau my brother meets you and asks you, ‘To whom do you belong? Where are you going? And whose are these ahead of you?’ 18then you shall say, ‘They belong to your servant Jacob; they are a present sent to my lord Esau, and moreover he is behind us.’ ” 19He likewise instructed the second and the third and all who followed the droves, “You shall say the same thing to Esau when you meet him, 20#Prov 21.14and you shall say, ‘Moreover your servant Jacob is behind us.’ ” For he thought, “I may appease him with the present that goes ahead of me, and afterwards I shall see his face; perhaps he will accept me.” 21So the present passed on ahead of him, and he himself spent that night in the camp.
Jacob Wrestles at Peniel
Deut 3.16; Josh 12.2 The same night he got up and took his two wives, his two maids, and his eleven children and crossed the ford of the Jabbok. 23He took them and sent them across the stream, and likewise everything that he had. 24#Hos 12.3, 4Jacob was left alone, and a man wrestled with him until daybreak. 25When the man saw that he did not prevail against Jacob, he struck him on the hip socket, and Jacob’s hip was put out of joint as he wrestled with him. 26#Hos 12.4Then he said, “Let me go, for the day is breaking.” But Jacob said, “I will not let you go, unless you bless me.” 27So he said to him, “What is your name?” And he said, “Jacob.” 28#Gen 35.10; 1 Kings 18.31Then the man#32.28 Heb he said, “You shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel,#32.28 That is, the one who strives with God or God strives for you have striven with God and with humans#32.28 Or with divine and human beings and have prevailed.” 29#Judg 13.17, 18Then Jacob asked him, “Please tell me your name.” But he said, “Why is it that you ask my name?” And there he blessed him. 30#Gen 16.13; Ex 24.11; Num 12.8; Judg 6.22; 13.22So Jacob called the place Peniel,#32.30 That is, the face of God saying, “For I have seen God face to face, yet my life is preserved.” 31The sun rose upon him as he passed Penuel, limping because of his hip. 32Therefore to this day the Israelites do not eat the thigh muscle that is on the hip socket, because he struck Jacob on the hip socket at the thigh muscle.