1Here are David’s last words:
“This is the speech of David the son of Yishai,
the speech of the man who has been raised up,
the one anointed by the God of Ya‘akov,
the sweet singer of Isra’el.
2“The Spirit of Adonai spoke through me,
his word was on my tongue.
3The God of Isra’el spoke;
the Rock of Isra’el said to me,
‘A ruler over people must be upright,
ruling in the fear of God;
4like the morning light at sunrise
on a cloudless day
that makes the grass on the earth
sparkle after a rain.’
5“For my house stands firm with God —
he made an everlasting covenant with me.
It is in order, fully assured,
that he will bring to full growth
all my salvation and every desire.
6“But the ungodly are like thorn bushes
to be pushed aside, every one of them.
They cannot be taken in one’s hand;
7To touch them one uses pitchfork or spear-shaft,
and then only to burn them where they lie.”
8Following are the names of David’s warrior-heroes:
Yoshev-Bashevet the Tach’kmoni, chief of the three, also known as ‘Adino the ‘Etzni; he is the one who came against 800 men, whom he killed in a single encounter.
9After him was El‘azar the son of Dodo the son of Achochi, one of the three warriors with David when they put their lives in jeopardy against the P’lishtim who were there assembled for battle, while the men of Isra’el had gone away. 10He stood firm and attacked the P’lishtim until his hand went into spasm, so that he couldn’t let go of his sword. Adonai accomplished a great victory that day; but the people didn’t return until he had finished, and then only to plunder the bodies of the dead.
11After him was Shammah the son of Age the Harari. The P’lishtim had assembled at Lechi, where there was a plot of ground full of lentils; and the people fled from the P’lishtim. 12But he stood in the middle of the plot and defended it, killing the P’lishtim; and Adonai brought about a great victory.
13During harvest season three of the thirty leaders went down and came to David at the cave of ‘Adulam when a company of P’lishtim had set up camp in the Refa’im Valley. 14At that time David was in the fortress, and the garrison of the P’lishtim was in Beit-Lechem. 15David had a craving and said, “I wish someone could give me water to drink from the well by the gate of Beit-Lechem!” 16The three warrior-heroes broke through the army of the P’lishtim, drew water from the well by the gate of Beit-Lechem, took it and brought it to David. But he wouldn’t drink it. Instead, he poured it out to Adonai 17and said, “Adonai! Heaven forbid that I should do such a thing! Am I to drink the blood of men who went and put their lives in jeopardy?”— and he would not consent to drink it. These are the things the three warrior-heroes did. 18Avishai the brother of Yo’av, the son of Tz’ruyah, was chief of these three. He raised his spear against 300 men and killed them; thus he had a reputation even among the three. 19He had the most honor of these three and was therefore made their leader; however, he did not achieve the status of the first three.
20B’nayah the son of Y’hoyada, the son of a valiant man of Kavtze’el, was a man of many exploits. He struck down two lion-hearted men of Mo’av. One day when it was snowing, he went down into a pit and killed a lion. 21Here is how he killed an Egyptian, a man of intimidating appearance: the Egyptian had a spear in his hand, and he went down to him with only a stick, seized the spear from the Egyptian’s hand and killed him with his own spear. 22These are things that B’nayah the son of Y’hoyada did that earned him a name among the three warrior-heroes. 23He had more honor than the thirty, but he did not achieve the status of the first three. David put him in command of his personal guard.
24‘Asah’el the brother of Yo’av was one of the thirty,
Elchanan the son of Dodo of Beit-Lechem,
25Shammah the Harodi,
Elika the Harodi,
26Heletz the Palti,
‘Ira son of ‘Ikesh from T’koa,
27Avi‘ezer from ‘Anatot,
M’vunai the Hushati,
28Tzalmon the Achochi,
Mahrai the N’tofati,
29Helev the son of Ba‘anah the N’tofati,
Ittai the son of Rivai from Giv‘ah, of the people of Binyamin,
30B’nayahu from Pir‘aton,
Hiddai from the vadis of Ga‘ash,
31Avi-‘Alvon the ‘Arvati,
‘Azmavet the Barchumi,
32Elyachba the Sha‘alvoni, of the sons of Yashen,
33Shammah the Harari,
Achi’am the son of Sharar the Arari,
34Elifelet the son of Achasbai the son of the Ma‘akhati,
Eli‘am the son of Achitofel from Giloh,
35Hetzrai from Karmel,
Pa‘arai the Arbi,
36Yig’al the son of Natan of Tzovah,
Bani the Gadi,
37Tzelek the ‘Amoni,
Nachrai the Be’eroti, armor-bearer for Yo’av the son of Tz’ruyah,
38‘Ira the Yitri,
Garev the Yitri, and
39Uriyah the Hitti —
thirty-seven in all.