Sarai and Hagar
1Now Sarai, Abram’s wife, had borne him no children, and she had an Egyptian servant-woman whose name was Hagar. 2So Sarai said to Abram, “Now behold, Yahweh has shut my womb from bearing children. Please go in to my servant-woman; perhaps I will #16:2 Lit be built from herobtain children through her.” And Abram listened to the voice of Sarai. 3And after Abram had #16:3 Lit dweltlived ten years in the land of Canaan, Abram’s wife Sarai took Hagar the Egyptian, her servant-woman, and gave her to her husband Abram as his wife. 4So he went in to Hagar, and she conceived. Then she saw that she had conceived, so her mistress became #16:4 Or cursed, cf. 12:3contemptible in her sight. 5And Sarai said to Abram, “May the violence done to me be upon you. I gave my servant-woman into your #16:5 Lit bosomembrace, but she saw that she had conceived, so I became #16:5 Or cursed, cf. 12:3contemptible in her #16:5 Lit eyessight. May Yahweh judge between #16:5 Lit me and youyou and me.” 6But Abram said to Sarai, “Behold, your servant-woman is in your #16:6 Or powerhand; do to her what is good in your #16:6 Lit eyessight.” So Sarai afflicted her, and she fled from her presence.
7Now the angel of Yahweh found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, by the spring on the way to Shur. 8And he said, “Hagar, Sarai’s servant-woman, where have you come from and where are you going?” And she said, “I am fleeing from the presence of my mistress Sarai.” 9Then the angel of Yahweh said to her, “Return to your mistress and #16:9 Lit afflict, cf. 16:6humble yourself under her hands.” 10Moreover, the angel of Yahweh said to her, “I will greatly multiply your seed so that #16:10 Or it shall not be counted for multitudethey will be too many to be counted.” 11And the angel of Yahweh said to her further,
“Behold, you #16:11 Or have conceived, cf. 3:16; 21:2; 25:21; Ex 2:2; 1 Sam 1:20; Luke 1:31, 36are with child,
And you will bear a son;
And you shall call his name #16:11 Lit God hearsIshmael,
Because Yahweh has heard your affliction.
12“And he will be a wild donkey of a man,
His hand will be against everyone,
And everyone’s hand will be against him;
And he will dwell #16:12 Or to the east of, in defiance ofin the face of all his brothers.”
13Then she called the name of Yahweh who spoke to her, “#16:13 Or You, O God, see meYou are #16:13 Heb El roia God who sees”; for she said, “Have I even #16:13 Lit seen here after the one who saw meremained alive here after seeing Him?” 14Therefore the well was called #16:14 Lit the well of the living one who sees meBeer-lahai-roi; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered.
15So Hagar bore Abram a son; and Abram called the name of his son, whom Hagar bore, Ishmael. 16Now Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore Ishmael to #16:16 Lit Abramhim.