Moses Strikes the Rock
1#Nu 13:21; Ex 15:20Then the children of Israel, the whole assembly, came to the Wilderness of Zin in the first month, and the people dwelt in Kadesh, and Miriam died there and was buried there.
2#Nu 16:19; 16:42And there was no water for the assembly, and they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron. 3#Ex 17:2; Nu 16:31–35The people argued with Moses, and spoke, saying, “O that we had died when our brothers died before the Lord! 4#Ex 17:3And why have you brought up the assembly of the Lord into this wilderness, that we and our livestock should die here? 5#Nu 16:14And why have you brought us up from Egypt, to bring us into this evil place? It is no place of seed, or of figs, or of vines, or of pomegranates. Nor is there any water to drink.”
6#Nu 14:5; 16:4Moses and Aaron went from the presence of the assembly to the door of the tent of meeting, and they fell on their faces, and the glory of the Lord appeared to them. 7The Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 8#Ex 4:17; 17:5–6Take the rod, and gather the assembly together, you and Aaron your brother, and speak to the rock before their eyes, and it will give its water, and you will bring out to them water from the rock; so you will give the assembly and their livestock drink.
9#Nu 17:10So Moses took the rod from before the Lord, as He commanded him. 10#Ps 106:32–33Moses and Aaron gathered the assembly before the rock, and he said to them, “Hear now, you rebels. Will we bring out water from this rock for you?” 11#1Co 10:4; Ex 17:6And Moses lifted up his hand, and he struck the rock twice with his rod, and plenty of water came out, and the assembly drank, and their livestock.
12#Nu 27:14; Dt 1:37The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, “Because you did not believe in Me, to sanctify Me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore you will not bring this assembly into the land which I have given them.”
13#Ex 17:7; Ps 95:8This is the water of Meribah because the children of Israel argued with the Lord, and He was sanctified among them.
Edom Denies Israel Passage
14#Jdg 11:16–17; Dt 23:7Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom,
“Thus says your brother Israel: You know all the hardship that has found us, 15#Ge 46:6; Ex 12:40how our fathers went down into Egypt, and we lived in Egypt a long time, and the Egyptians distressed us and our fathers. 16#Ex 14:19; 23:20And when we cried out to the Lord, He heard our voice and sent an angel and brought us out of Egypt.
“And here we are in Kadesh, a city on the edge of your territory. 17#Dt 2:27Please let us pass through your land. We will not pass through the fields or the vineyards, or drink of the water of the wells. We will travel the king’s highway. We will not turn to the right hand nor the left, until we have passed through your territory.”
18Edom said to him,
“You will not pass through me, lest with the sword I come out against you.”
19#Dt 2:6; 2:28The children of Israel said to him,
“We will travel the highway, and if we and our livestock drink of your water, then we will pay for it. I will only go through on my feet without doing anything else.”
20#Jdg 11:17; Am 1:11He said,
“You will not go through.”
And Edom came out against them with many people and with a strong hand. 21#Jdg 11:18; Dt 2:29Edom refused to give Israel passage through his territory, so Israel turned away from him.
The Death of Aaron
22#Nu 20:1; 20:14They journeyed from Kadesh, and the children of Israel, even the whole assembly, came to Mount Hor. 23The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron in Mount Hor, by the border of the land of Edom, saying, 24#Ge 25:8; Dt 32:50“Aaron will be gathered to his people because he will not enter into the land which I have given to the children of Israel because you rebelled against Me at the water of Meribah. 25Take Aaron and Eleazar his son, and bring them up to Mount Hor, 26#Nu 20:24and strip Aaron of his garments, and put them on Eleazar his son, and Aaron will be gathered to his people, and he will die there.”
27Moses did as the Lord commanded, and they went up onto Mount Hor in the sight of all the assembly. 28#Dt 10:6; Ex 29:29–30Moses stripped Aaron of his garments and put them on Eleazar his son. And Aaron died there on the top of the mountain, and Moses and Eleazar came down from the mountain. 29#Dt 34:8When all the assembly saw that Aaron was dead, they wept for Aaron thirty days, all the house of Israel.