Laws of Grain and Drink Offerings
1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2#Lev 23:10; Nu 15:18Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: When you come into the land of your dwelling, which I am giving to you, 3#Ex 29:18; Ge 8:21; Nu 28:27when you make an offering by fire to the Lord, a burnt offering, or a sacrifice in performing a vow, or as a freewill offering, or in your appointed feasts, to make a pleasing aroma to the Lord, of the herd or of the flock, 4#Ex 29:40; Lev 23:13then he who brings his offering to the Lord will bring a grain offering of a tenth of an ephah#About 1,500 feet, or 450 meters. of flour mixed with the fourth part of a hin#About 1 quart, or 1 liter; and in v. 5. of oil. 5#Nu 28:7; 28:14One-fourth of a hin of wine as a drink offering you will prepare with the burnt offering or sacrifice, for each lamb.
6Or for a ram, you will make a grain offering of two-tenths of an ephah#Likely about 7 pounds, or 3.2 kilograms. of flour mixed with one-third of a hin#About 11/3 quarts, or 1.3 liters; and in v. 7. of oil. 7As a drink offering you will offer one-third of a hin of wine, as a pleasing aroma to the Lord.
8#Lev 3:1When you prepare a bull as a burnt offering, or as a sacrifice in performing a vow, or as a peace offering to the Lord, 9#Lev 6:14; 14:10then shall be brought with the bull a grain offering of three-tenths of an ephah#Likely about 11 pounds, or 5 kilograms. of flour mixed with one-half a hin#About 2 quarts, or 1.9 liters; and in v. 10. of oil. 10You will bring as a drink offering one-half a hin of wine, as a fire offering, as a pleasing aroma to the Lord. 11Thus it will be done for one herd animal, or for one ram, or for a flock animal, whether from the sheep or from the goats. 12According to the number that you will make, so you will do for every one according to their number.
13Every native Israelite will do these things in this manner, in offering a fire offering as a pleasing aroma to the Lord. 14A foreigner who lives with you, or who resides among you throughout your generations, and would present a fire offering, a pleasing aroma to the Lord, shall do as you do. 15#Nu 9:14; 15:29One ordinance will be for you of the assembly and for the foreigner who lives with you, an ordinance forever throughout your generations. As you are, so will the foreigner be before the Lord. 16One law and one justice will be for you and for the foreigner who lives with you.
17The Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 18#Nu 15:2Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: When you come into the land where I bring you, 19#Jos 5:11–12then it will be, when you eat of the bread of the land you will offer up an offering to the Lord. 20#Lev 2:14; Ex 23:19From the first of your dough you will offer a cake as an offering. As you make the offering of the threshing floor, so will you offer it. 21Of the first of your dough you will give to the Lord an offering throughout your generations.
Laws About Unintentional Sins
22#Lev 4:2If you have erred and not observed all these commandments which the Lord has spoken to Moses, 23even all that the Lord has commanded you by the hand of Moses, from the day that the Lord commanded Moses and onward through your generations, 24#Lev 4:23; Nu 28:15then it will be, if it is committed by ignorance without the knowledge of the assembly, that all the assembly will offer one young bull as a burnt offering, as a pleasing aroma to the Lord, with its grain offering and its drink offering, according to the rule, and one kid of the goats as a sin offering. 25#Lev 4:20; Ro 3:25The priest will make atonement for all the assembly of the children of Israel, and it will be forgiven them because it is ignorance, and they will bring their offering, a sacrifice made by fire to the Lord, and their sin offering before the Lord, for their ignorance. 26And it will be forgiven all the assembly of the children of Israel and the foreigner who lives among them, because all the people were in ignorance.
27#Lev 4:27–28If a person sins unintentionally, then he will bring a year-old female goat as a sin offering. 28#Lev 4:35The priest will make an atonement for the person who sins unintentionally, when he sins by ignorance before the Lord, to make an atonement for him; and it will be forgiven him. 29#Nu 15:15You shall have one law for the person who acts through ignorance, for the natural-born citizen among the children of Israel and foreigner who lives in your midst.
Laws About Intentional Sins
30#Dt 1:43; Ps 19:13But the person who acts by a high hand, the natural-born citizen or the foreigner, the same reviles the Lord, and that person will be cut off from among his people. 31#2Sa 12:9; Pr 13:13Because he has despised the word of the Lord and has broken His commandment, that person will be totally cut off. His iniquity will be on him.
The Sabbath-Breaker Executed
32#Ex 35:2–3While the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man who gathered sticks on the Sabbath day. 33The ones who found him gathering sticks brought him to Moses and Aaron and to all the assembly. 34#Lev 24:12They put him in confinement because it was not declared what should be done to him. 35#Ex 31:14–15; Ac 7:58The Lord said to Moses, “The man will surely die. All the assembly will stone him with stones outside the camp.” 36All the assembly brought him outside the camp and stoned him with stones, and he died as the Lord commanded Moses.
Tassels on Garments
37The Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 38#Dt 22:12; Mt 23:5Speak to the children of Israel, and tell them to make for themselves tassels on the corners of their garments throughout the generations to come, and they will put a ribbon of blue on the corners of their garments. 39#Ps 73:27; Eze 6:9And it will be for you a tassel, and you will see it, and you will remember all the commandments of the Lord, and you will do them, and you will not follow the lust of your own heart and your own eyes. 40#Lev 11:44–45; Ro 12:1So shall you remember and do all My commandments, and be holy to your God. 41#Lev 22:33I am the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: I am the Lord your God.